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Are carbon and nitrogen exchange between fungi and the orchid Goodyera repens affected by irradiance?

Title data

Liebel, Heiko T. ; Bidartondo, Martin I. ; Gebauer, Gerhard:
Are carbon and nitrogen exchange between fungi and the orchid Goodyera repens affected by irradiance?
In: Annals of Botany. Vol. 115 (2015) . - pp. 251-261.
ISSN 1095-8290

Abstract in another language

Background and Aims: The green orchid Goodyera repens has been shown to transfer carbon to its mycorrhizal partner, and this flux may therefore be affected by light availability. This study aimed to test whether the C and N exchange between plant and fungus is dependent on light availability, and in addition addressed the question of whether flowering and/or fruiting individuals of G. repens compensate for changes in leaf chlorophyll concentration with changes in C and N flows from fungus to plant.Methods: The natural abundances of stable isotopes of plant C and N were used to infer changes in fluxes between orchid and fungus across natural gradients of irradiance at five sites. Mycorrhizal fungi in the roots of G. repens were identified by molecular analyses. Chlorophyll concentrations in the leaves of the orchid and of reference plants were measured directly in the field.Key Results: Leaf δ13C values of G. repens responded to changes in light availability in a similar manner to autotrophic reference plants, and different mycorrhizal fungal associations also did not affect the isotope abundance patterns of the orchid. Flowering/fruiting individuals had lower leaf total N and chlorophyll concentrations, which is most probably explained by N investments to form flowers, seeds and shoot.Conclusions: The results indicate that mycorrhizal physiology is relatively fixed in G. repens , and changes in the amount and direction of C flow between plant and fungus were not observed to depend on light availability. The orchid may instead react to low-light sites through increased clonal growth. The orchid does not compensate for low leaf total N and chlorophyll concentrations by using a 13C- and 15N-enriched fungal source

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: BAYCEER125559
Institutions of the University: Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science
Date Deposited: 29 Jul 2015 05:52
Last Modified: 29 Jul 2015 05:52