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Less is more: International Intervention and the Limits of External Stabilization

Title data

Kühn, Florian P.:
Less is more: International Intervention and the Limits of External Stabilization.
In: Canadian Foreign Policy Journal. Vol. 17 (2011) Issue 1 . - pp. 62-74.
ISSN 2157-0817

Abstract in another language

When we discuss problems and policy options in Pakistan and Afghanistan, the way we frame the problem will likely influence resulting policy. In what had been (in-)famously termed “AfPak”, based on regional considerations for policy towards Afghanistan, Afghanistan's failed state dragging down Pakistan has become the writing on the wall. This article claims that putting both countries into a single category runs the risk of neglecting their strikingly different paths of state formation and societal composition. While Pakistan has a post-colonial structure, which bears part of the governance problems in its Western provinces, Afghanistan has never had internal cohesion. It merely stayed in place mimicking statehood. Rather, external meddling coupled with an interest to tap external rents dominated internal politics. While public ideology in Afghanistan remains opposed to the state, in Pakistan the state and its institutions are a source of pride, identity and (critical) involvement.While Pakistan's rivalry with India and fears of encirclement by the latter's engagement in Afghanistan has influenced Pakistan's Afghanistan policy, less international involvement might turn out to be “more”. More engagement of the population in politics is needed in Pakistan, salvaging the state by strengthening civic rights and civilianizing governance through structural reforms which end the British colonial remnants of indirect rule. In turn, letting Afghans take responsibility for their politics might raise Afghan actors’ awareness of what is at stake for them and at the same time diminish the power of the clientelist rentier-network.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Institutions of the University: Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Cultural Studies
Faculties > Faculty of Cultural Studies > Chair Sociology of Africa
Faculties > Faculty of Cultural Studies > Chair Sociology of Africa > Chair Sociology of Africa - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Jana Hönke
Result of work at the UBT: No
DDC Subjects: 300 Social sciences
300 Social sciences > 300 Social sciences, sociology and anthropology
Date Deposited: 17 Jan 2023 08:39
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2023 08:39