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Sharp phase-field modeling of isotropic solidification with a super efficient spatial resolution

Title data

Fleck, Michael ; Schleifer, Felix:
Sharp phase-field modeling of isotropic solidification with a super efficient spatial resolution.
In: Engineering with Computers. Vol. 39 (2023) Issue 3 . - pp. 1699-1709.
ISSN 1435-5663

Official URL: Volltext

Abstract in another language

The phase-field method provides a powerful framework for microstructure evolution modeling in complex systems, as often required within the framework of integrated computational materials engineering. However, spurious grid friction, pinning and grid anisotropy seriously limit the resolution efficiency and accuracy of these models. The energetic resolution limit is determined by the maximum dimensionless driving force at which reasonable model operation is still ensured. This limit turns out to be on the order of 1 for conventional phase-field models. In 1D, grid friction and pinning can be eliminated by a global restoration of Translational Invariance (TI) in the discretized phase-field equation. This is called the sharp phase-field method, which allows to choose substantially coarser numerical resolutions of the diffuse interface without the appearance of pinning. In 3D, global TI restricts the beneficial properties to a few specific interface orientations. We propose an accurate scheme to restore TI locally in the local interface normal direction. The new sharp phase-field model overcomes grid friction and pinning in three-dimensional simulations, and can accurately operate at dimensionless driving forces up to the order of $$10^{4}$$. At one-grid-point interface resolutions, exceptional degrees of isotropy can be achieved, if further the largely inhomogeneous latent heat release at the advancing solid-liquid interface is mitigated. Imposing a newly proposed source term regularization, the new model captures the formation of isotropic seaweed structures without spurious dendritic selection by grid anisotropy, even at one-grid-point interface resolutions.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Phase-field modeling; Solidification; Nonlinear preconditioning; Finite differences
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science > Chair Metals and Alloys
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 620 Engineering
Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2023 21:00
Last Modified: 05 Jun 2023 05:17