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Geometric organization of the extracellular matrix in the control of integrin-mediated adhesion and cell function in osteoblasts

Title data

Cavalcanti-Adam, Elisabetta Ada ; Tomakidi, Pascal ; Bezler, Martin ; Spatz, Joachim Pius:
Geometric organization of the extracellular matrix in the control of integrin-mediated adhesion and cell function in osteoblasts.
In: Progress in Orthodontics. Vol. 6 (2005) Issue 2 . - pp. 232-237.
ISSN 2196-1042

Abstract in another language

Cell-extracellular matrix (ECM) interactions play a central role in tissue architecture and turnover. Particularly, integrin-mediated cell adhesion participates in biochemical and physical signals. The aim of this study is to investigate the importance of ECM organization for alveolar bone osteoblasts adhesion and to determine the effects on cell functions such as collagen and fibronectin production. By applying new concepts from the nanotechnology to biological systems, we have developed materials decorated with nano-patterns of peptides of the ECM arranged at a distance of 58 or 73 nm. On these surfaces, human osteoblasts from alveolar bone were cultured for 1-96 hr and examined by video and fluorescence microscopy. Protein quantification by western blotting and gene expression by RT-PCR were also performed. Good cell adhesion and spreading was observed on the 58 nm pattern after 30 min, while weak adhesion and increased motility was evident in osteoblasts on the 73 nm pattern, leading to alteration of cell shape and reduction of cell area after 24 hr. Moreover, cells on the 73 nm did not form focal adhesions and failed to organize the cytoskeleton. After 96 hr in culture, osteoblasts on the 73 nm retained intracellular collagen and produced a disorganized fibronectin network. Osteoblast adhesion and intra-and extra-cellular molecules reorganization are regulated not only by the composition but also by the structure of the extracellular environment. Our novel in vitro system makes it possible to elucidate some of the mechanisms necessary for the maintenance of tissue architecture and mechanical strength, as well as for the design of artificial materials for future clinical applications.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science > Chair Cellular Biomechanics > Chair Cellular Biomechanics - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Dr. Elisabetta Ada Cavalcanti-Adam
Result of work at the UBT: No
DDC Subjects: 600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 620 Engineering
Date Deposited: 12 Jun 2023 13:08
Last Modified: 12 Jun 2023 13:08