Literature by the same author
plus at Google Scholar

Bibliografische Daten exportieren

An in vitro DNA Sensor-based Assay to Measure Receptor-specific Adhesion Forces of Eukaryotic Cells and Pathogens

Title data

Wack, Maurizio ; Wiegand, Tina ; Frischknecht, Friedrich ; Cavalcanti-Adam, Elisabetta Ada:
An in vitro DNA Sensor-based Assay to Measure Receptor-specific Adhesion Forces of Eukaryotic Cells and Pathogens.
In: Bio-protocol. Vol. 10 (2020) Issue 17 . - e3733.
ISSN 2331-8325

Abstract in another language

Motility of eukaryotic cells or pathogens within tissues is mediated by the turnover of specific interactions with other cells or with the extracellular matrix. Biophysical characterization of these ligand-receptor adhesions helps to unravel the molecular mechanisms driving migration. Traction force microscopy or optical tweezers are typically used to measure the cellular forces exerted by cells on a substrate. However, the spatial resolution of traction force microscopy is limited to ~2 µm and performing experiments with optical traps is very time-consuming. Here we present the production of biomimetic surfaces that enable specific cell adhesion via synthetic ligands and at the same time monitor the transmitted forces by using molecular tension sensors. The ligands were coupled to double-stranded DNA probes with defined force thresholds for DNA unzipping. Receptor-mediated forces in the pN range are thereby semi-quantitatively converted into fluorescence signals, which can be detected by standard fluorescence microscopy at the resolution limit (~0.2 µm). The modular design of the assay allows to vary the presented ligands and the mechanical strength of the DNA probes, which provides a number of possibilities to probe the adhesion of different eukaryotic cell types and pathogens and is exemplified here with osteosarcoma cells and Plasmodium berghei Sporozoites.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Biomimetic surface; DNA-hairpin; Molecular force sensor; Molecular tension fluorescence microscopy; Plasmodium; Receptor mediated forces; Sporozoite
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science > Chair Cellular Biomechanics > Chair Cellular Biomechanics - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Dr. Elisabetta Ada Cavalcanti-Adam
Result of work at the UBT: No
DDC Subjects: 600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 620 Engineering
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2023 11:09
Last Modified: 07 Jun 2023 11:09