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Toughness and Fracture Properties in Nacre-Mimetic Clay/Polymer Nanocomposites

Title data

Morits, Maria ; Verho, Tuukka ; Sorvari, Juhana ; Liljeström, Ville ; Kostiainen, Mauri A. ; Gröschel, André H. ; Ikkala, Olli:
Toughness and Fracture Properties in Nacre-Mimetic Clay/Polymer Nanocomposites.
In: Advanced Functional Materials. Vol. 27 (2017) Issue 10 . - 1605378.
ISSN 1616-3028

Abstract in another language

Nacre inspires researchers by combining stiffness with toughness by its unique microstructure of aligned aragonite platelets. This brick-and-mortar structure of reinforcing platelets separated with thin organic matrix has been replicated in numerous mimics that can be divided into two categories: microcomposites with aligned metal oxide microplatelets in polymer matrix, and nanocomposites with self-assembled nanoplatelets—usually clay or graphene oxide—and polymer. While microcomposites have shown exceptional fracture toughness, current fabrication methods have limited nacre-mimetic nanocomposites to thin films where fracture properties remained unexplored. Yet, fracture resistance is the defining property of nacre, therefore centrally important in any mimic. Furthermore, to make use of these properties in applications, bulk materials are required. Here, up to centimeter-thick nacre-mimetic clay/polymer nanocomposites are produced by the lamination of self-assembled films. The aligned clay nanoplatelets are separated by poly(vinyl alcohol) matrix, with 10⁶–10⁷ nanoplatelets on top of each other in the bulk plates. Fracture testing shows crack deflection and a fracture toughness of 3.4 MPa m1/2, not far from nacre. Flexural tests show high stiffness (25 GPa) and strength (220 MPa) that, despite the hydrophilic constituents, are not substantially affected by exposure to humidity.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Institutions of the University: Research Institutions > Central research institutes > Bayerisches Zentrum für Batterietechnik - BayBatt
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Central research institutes
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Chair Polymer Materials for Electrochemical Storage > Chair Polymer Materials for Electrochemical Storage - Univ.-Prof. Dr. André Gröschel
Result of work at the UBT: No
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 540 Chemistry
Date Deposited: 27 Jul 2023 09:22
Last Modified: 02 Aug 2023 07:53