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Stable isotopes reveal that fungal residues contribute more to mineral-associated organic matter pools than plant residues

Title data

Klink, Saskia ; Keller, Adrienne B. ; Wild, Andreas ; Baumert, Vera L. ; Gube, Matthias ; Lehndorff, Eva ; Meyer, Nele ; Mueller, Carsten W. ; Phillips, Richard P. ; Pausch, Johanna:
Stable isotopes reveal that fungal residues contribute more to mineral-associated organic matter pools than plant residues.
In: Soil Biology and Biochemistry. Vol. 168 (2022) . - 108634.
ISSN 1879-3428

Abstract in another language

We still lack crucial knowledge about the contribution of plant vs. microbial residues to specific SOM pools, particularly the relative contribution of arbuscular (AM), ectomycorrhizal (ECM), and saprotrophic (SAP) fungi.

We investigated sources of particulate and mineral-associated organic matter (POM and MAOM) around trees with distinct mycorrhizal types, Liriodendron tulipifera (AM-association) and Quercus alba (ECM-association), in a temperate deciduous forest in Indiana, USA. Combining 13C and 15N natural abundance analyses with measurements of microbial residues using amino sugars, the isotope signatures of large, medium and small-sized POM and MAOM fractions were compared with those of leaves, roots and biomass of mycorrhizal and saprotrophic fungi. A Bayesian inference isotope mixing model calculated sources of C and N to SOM fractions.

While the isotope composition of POM resembled that of plants, MAOM was close to fungal values. This was confirmed by mixing model calculations and microbial residue analysis, which additionally and independent from tree partner suggested saprobic fungi contributing with 4–53% to POM and 23–42% to MAOM, as opposed to ECM contributions.

Our results suggest fungal, not plant residues, as the source of the most putatively stable OM pool; thus, altering fungal communities may enhance efforts to increase long-term soil C storage.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Amino sugars; Mineral-associated organic matter; MEMS hypothesis; Particulate organic matter; Stable isotopes; Soil organic matter dynamics
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Professor Agroecology > Professor Agroecology - Juniorprof. Dr. Johanna Pausch
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 500 Natural sciences
500 Science > 550 Earth sciences, geology
500 Science > 570 Life sciences, biology
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2023 07:22
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2023 07:22