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Small-scale mining and child labour in Kolwezi, Democratic Republic of Congo

Title data

Batano, Godelive Kusimwa ; Doevenspeck, Martin ; Biningo, Nene Morisho Mwana:
Small-scale mining and child labour in Kolwezi, Democratic Republic of Congo.
In: Journal of African Studies and Development. Vol. 15 (2023) Issue 4 . - pp. 69-83.
ISSN 2141-2189
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5897/JASD2023.0679

Official URL: Volltext

Abstract in another language

Child labour is a critical issue in artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The case of Kolwezi in Lualaba is of interest because the area is known as the capital of cobalt, a strategic mineral for the transition to a low-carbon economy. Since 2017, global demand for cobalt has been soaring and this raises the question of working conditions in the ASM. This paper attempts to provide a deeper understanding of the phenomenon of child labour in artisanal cobalt mining. The objective is to analyse the political and socio-economic drives of child labour in Kolwezi. By drawing on the current state of the literature and reports on child labour in the mines, as well as field survey, we investigate the social, political, and economic causes of child labour. Results suggest that children's involvement in the artisanal labour market is caused by poverty status, parental conceptions, income inequalities and market imperfections. The implication is that a holistic approach is required to effectively address the problem of child labour. Such an approach must consider both the situation of the child and the household where child labour occurs. The study emphasizes the importance of sensitization of parents and a holistic approach in all initiatives to eradicate child labour in ASM.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: child labour; ASM; critical modern slavery; pivotal child
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Professor Political Geography
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Professor Political Geography > Professor Political Geography - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Martin Doevenspeck
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 300 Social sciences > 300 Social sciences, sociology and anthropology
900 History and geography > 910 Geography, travel
Date Deposited: 23 Oct 2023 08:35
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2023 11:26
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/87314