## Title data

Herzog, Roland ; Köhne, Frederik ; Kreis, Leonie ; Schiela, Anton:

**Frobenius-Type Norms and Inner Products of Matrices and Linear Maps with Applications to Neural Network Training.**

Bayreuth ; Heidelberg
,
2023
. - 14 p.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.48550/arXiv.2311.15419

## Project information

Project title: |
Project's official title Project's id Multilevel Architectures and Algorithms in Deep Learning 464103607 |
---|---|

Project financing: |
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft |

## Abstract in another language

The Frobenius norm is a frequent choice of norm for matrices. In particular, the underlying Frobenius inner product is typically used to evaluate the gradient of an objective with respect to matrix variable, such as those occuring in the training of neural networks. We provide a broader view on the Frobenius norm and inner product for linear maps or matrices, and establish their dependence on inner products in the domain and co-domain spaces. This shows that the classical Frobenius norm is merely one special element of a family of more general Frobenius-type norms. The significant extra freedom furnished by this realization can be used, among other things, to precondition neural network training.