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Dispersal and persistence of cup plant seeds (Silphium perfoliatum): do they contribute to potential invasiveness?

Title data

Ende, L. Marie ; Hummel, Lukas ; Lauerer, Marianne:
Dispersal and persistence of cup plant seeds (Silphium perfoliatum): do they contribute to potential invasiveness?
In: Plant Ecology and Evolution. Vol. 157 (2024) Issue 1 . - pp. 75-87.
ISSN 2032-3913
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5091/plecevo.104640

Official URL: Volltext

Abstract in another language

Background and aims – The cup plant (Silphium perfoliatum) is being grown in Germany as a promising new bioenergy crop with an increasing area under cultivation in the last years. Its alien status, its high productivity, and high reproductive potential could carry the risk of this species becoming invasive. The present study investigates the dispersal and persistence of cup plant seeds, to contribute to the assessment of its invasive potential. Material and methods – For this purpose, four experimental studies were conducted in Germany, Central Europe: wind dispersal distance was measured in a field experiment for wind speeds up to 7 m.s-1. The seeds were offered to rodents in different habitats near to a cup plant field. We observed seed persistence and germination over 4 weeks storing in water and over 4 years storing in different soil depths. Key results – Cup plant seeds are dispersed by wind only over a few meters. In the forest, rodents removed 100 of the offered seeds, in open habitats none. Independent of the duration of storage in water, germination rate of the cup plant seeds was constantly high. Most of the seeds already germinated in water in the first two weeks. Stored on the soil surface and at 10 cm soil depth, the seeds germinated already in the first two years. Stored at 30 cm depth, one third of the seeds retained their germination ability over four years. Conclusion – Wind serves as short-distance dispersal vector for cup plant seeds. Rodents remove the seeds, but it is unknown whether they disperse them or just eat them. Water could disperse the seeds, which retain their germination ability, over long distances. The cup plant could therefore spread and possibly become invasive in Central Europe, and therefore measures are suggested to prevent its dispersal and spontaneous settlement.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: anemochory; bioenergy crop; dispersal; hydrochory; invasive potential; Silphium perfoliatum; soil seed bank; water, wind, zoochory
Institutions of the University: Service Facilities > Ökologisch-Botanischer Garten
Service Facilities
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2024 22:00
Last Modified: 19 Feb 2024 06:54
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/88644