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Easily accessible linear and hyperbranched polyesters as solid polymer electrolytes

Title data

Petry, Jannik ; Dan, Krishna ; Nag, Atish ; Thelakkat, Mukundan ; Ghosh, Suhrit:
Easily accessible linear and hyperbranched polyesters as solid polymer electrolytes.
In: European Polymer Journal. Vol. 210 (2024) . - 112965.
ISSN 1873-1945

Official URL: Volltext

Abstract in another language

Herein we report synthesis, characterization, thermal properties, ionic conductivity and oxidative stability of novel linear and hyperbranched polyesters. Tri-acrylate ester of commercially available 1,1,1-Tris(hydroxymethyl)propane (M1) was used as the primary building block for the synthesis of linear and hyperbranched polymers. A3 + B2 type polycondensation between M1 and dithiols of two different chain lengths (C3, C6) by 100 atom efficient thiol-acrylate Michael addition reaction, followed by consumption of the unreacted acrylate esters (in the linear or terminal units) with 1-butane thiol produced two hyperbranched polymer namely HB-P1 and HB-P2. For synthesis of linear analogues, one of the equivalent acrylate esters was reacted first with 1-butane thiol and the resulting di-acrylate monomer was polymerized with the C3 and C6-dithiols, producing linear polymers L-P1 and L-P2. All the polymers showed molecular weight (Mn) in the range of 5000–6000 gmol−1 with low dispersity. TGA analysis revealed sufficient thermal stability of the polymers for the application as solid polymer electrolyte. All the polymers are amorphous, showing only a glass transition in the range of ∼ -45 °C (C3 spacer) to −50 °C (C6 spacer) and no crystallization peak. In presence of lithium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (LiTFSI) salt the Tg increased by ∼ 10 °C. Solid polymer electrolytes were prepared by incorporating LiTFSI at a molar ratio of polymer carbonyl units to lithium of C=O/Li of 10 and ionic conductivity (σ) was evaluated by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). Moderate values in the range of 10-7 S cm−1 were obtained at 25 °C with slightly higher values for the linear polymers. The ionic conductivity increased up to ∼ 2 orders of magnitude at higher temperatures. The oxidative stability of the polymer electrolytes against lithium-metal electrodes revealed onset potential for the first degradation in the range of 3.8 V, indicating moderate stability that might be suitable for testing applications in all-solid-state lithium-metal batteries using sulfur or lithium iron phosphate cathodes.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Thiol-acrylate Michael addition reaction; Polyester synthesis; Linear and hyperbranched polymer; Solid polymer electrolytes; Lithium-ion conductivity
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Professor Applied Functional Polymers > Professor Applied Functional Polymers - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Mukundan Thelakkat
Research Institutions > Central research institutes > Bayerisches Zentrum für Batterietechnik - BayBatt
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 500 Natural sciences
500 Science > 540 Chemistry
Date Deposited: 08 May 2024 05:42
Last Modified: 08 May 2024 09:44