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Arctic soil CO₂ release during freeze-thaw cycles modulated by silicon and calcium

Title data

Schaller, Jörg ; Stimmler, Peter ; Göckede, Mathias ; Augustin, Jürgen ; Lacroix, Fabrice ; Hoffmann, Mathias:
Arctic soil CO₂ release during freeze-thaw cycles modulated by silicon and calcium.
In: Science of the Total Environment. Vol. 870 (2023) . - 161943.
ISSN 0048-9697
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.161943

Abstract in another language

Arctic soils are the largest pool of soil organic carbon worldwide. Temperatures in the Arctic have risen faster than the global average during the last decades, decreasing annual freezing days and increasing the number of freeze-thaw cycles (temperature oscillations passing through zero degrees) per year as the temperature is expected to fluctuate more around 0 °C. At the same time, proceeding deepening of seasonal thaw may increase silicon (Si) and calcium (Ca) concentrations in the active layer of Arctic soils as the concentrations in the thawing permafrost layer might be higher depending on location. We analyzed the importance of freeze-thaw cycles for Arctic soil CO2 fluxes. Furthermore, we tested how Si (mobilizing organic C) and Ca (immobilizing organic C) interfere with the soil CO2 fluxes in the context of freeze-thaw cycles. Our results show that with each freeze-thaw cycle the CO2 fluxes from the Arctic soils decreased. Our data revealed a considerable CO2 emission below 0 °C. We also show that pronounced differences emerge in Arctic soil CO2 fluxes with Si increasing and Ca decreasing CO2 fluxes. Furthermore, we show that both Si and Ca concentrations in Arctic soils are central controls on Arctic soil CO2 release, with Si increasing Arctic soil CO2 release especially when temperatures are just below 0 °C. Our findings could provide an important constraint on soil CO2 emissions upon soil thaw, as well as on the greenhouse gas budget of high latitudes. Thus we call for work improving understanding of freeze-thaw cycles as well as the effect of Ca and Si on carbon fluxes, as well as for increased consideration of those factors in wide-scale assessments of carbon fluxes in the high latitudes.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Amorphous silica; Arctic soil; Calcium; Climate change; Greenhouse gas release; Nutrient; Soil respiration
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Professor Agroecology > Professor Agroecology - Juniorprof. Dr. Johanna Pausch
Result of work at the UBT: No
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 550 Earth sciences, geology
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2024 09:35
Last Modified: 07 Jun 2024 09:35
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/89698