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Phase stability and charge compensation in disordered rock salt compounds based on nickel and titanium

Title data

Reitano, Agnese ; Kunz, Sylvia ; Xu, Mingfeng ; Suard, Emmanuelle ; Bianchini, Matteo:
Phase stability and charge compensation in disordered rock salt compounds based on nickel and titanium.
In: Journal of Materials Chemistry A. (2024) .
ISSN 2050-7496
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1039/d4ta02265c

Abstract in another language

Disordered rock salt compounds (DRX) are increasingly investigated as an alternative to established layered oxides, due to the significant compositional flexibility allowing the use of cheap elements, as well as the demonstrated high specific discharge capacities. In this work we investigate DRXs based on Ni as the main redox active element and Ti as a charge compensator and structure stabilizer, according to composition Li2yTiyNi2−3yO2 (0.50 ≤ y ≤ 0.67). We prepare such materials by solid state synthesis and carefully investigate their stability as single phases by combining theoretical calculations based on density functional theory and in situ X-ray diffraction, elucidating the role of entropy in the synthesis process. By a combination of SEM, ICP-AES and X-ray and neutron diffraction we reveal that the above-mentioned formula indicating a solid solution is only appropriate at high temperatures. When increasing the Li content and lowering the temperature, a secondary Li2TiO3-like phase emerges. The electrochemical performances showed a low capacity in the first cycle, which appears to be kinetically limited as it strongly increases at 50 °C. A strong voltage hysteresis is nonetheless present regardless of the temperature and is the main bottleneck limiting energy efficiently in these compounds. By combined operando X-ray diffraction and X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy, we demonstrate such hysteresis can be observed both structurally in the unit cell parameters as well as electronically at the Ni K-edge, hence in the Ni oxidation state. Our study confirms the peculiar, coupled behaviour of Ni and O redox in this class of materials, which needs to be overcome if new improved compositions are to be designed. We therefore provide a clear structural analysis of the synthesis and electrochemical behaviour of the Li2yTiyNi2−3yO2 family of compounds, identifying the main bottlenecks towards their improvement.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Lehrstuhl Anorganische Aktivmaterialien für elektrochemische Energiespeicher
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Lehrstuhl Anorganische Aktivmaterialien für elektrochemische Energiespeicher > Lehrstuhl Anorganische Aktivmaterialien für elektrochemische Energiespeicher - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Matteo Bianchini
Research Institutions > Central research institutes > Bayerisches Zentrum für Batterietechnik - BayBatt
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Central research institutes
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 540 Chemistry
Date Deposited: 12 Jun 2024 09:08
Last Modified: 12 Jun 2024 11:17
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/89738