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Sustainable layered cathode with suppressed phase transition for long-life sodium-ion batteries

Title data

Tang, Yonglin ; Zhang, Qinghua ; Zuo, Wenhua ; Zhou, Shiyuan ; Zeng, Guifan ; Zhang, Baodan ; Zhang, Haitang ; Huang, Zhongyuan ; Zheng, Lirong ; Xu, Juping ; Yin, Wen ; Qiu, Yongfu ; Xiao, Yinguo ; Zhang, Qiaobao ; Zhao, Tiqing ; Liao, Hong-Gang ; Hwang, Inhui ; Sun, Cheng-Jun ; Amine, Khalil ; Wang, Qingsong ; Sun, Yang ; Xu, Gui-Liang ; Gu, Lin ; Qiao, Yu ; Sun, Shi-Gang:
Sustainable layered cathode with suppressed phase transition for long-life sodium-ion batteries.
In: Nature Sustainability. Vol. 7 (2024) Issue 3 . - pp. 348-359.
ISSN 2398-9629
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41893-024-01288-9

Official URL: Volltext

Abstract in another language

Sodium-ion batteries are among the most promising alternatives to lithium-based technologies for grid and other energy storage applications due to their cost benefits and sustainable resource supply. For the cathode—the component that largely determines the energy density of a sodium-ion battery cell—one major category of materials is P2-type layered oxides. Unfortunately, at high state-of-charge, such materials tend to undergo a phase transition with a very large volume change and consequent structural degradation during long-term cycling. Here we address this issue by introducing vacancies into the transition metal layer of P2-Na0.7Fe0.1Mn0.75□0.15O2 (‘□’ represents a vacancy). The transition metal vacancy serves to suppress migration of neighbouring Na ions and therefore maintain structural and thermal stability in Na-depleted states. Moreover, the specific Na−O−□ configuration triggers a reversible anionic redox reaction and boosts the energy density. As a result, the cathode design here enables pouch cells with energy densities of 170 Wh kg−1 and 120 Wh kg−1 that can operate for over 600 and 1,000 cycles, respectively. Our work not only suggests a feasible strategy for cathode design but also confirms the possibility of developing a battery chemistry that features a reduced need for critical raw materials.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Lehrstuhl Anorganische Aktivmaterialien für elektrochemische Energiespeicher
Research Institutions > Central research institutes > Bayerisches Zentrum für Batterietechnik - BayBatt
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 500 Natural sciences
500 Science > 540 Chemistry
Date Deposited: 18 Jun 2024 08:22
Last Modified: 18 Jun 2024 08:22
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/89779