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Long-term paddy use influences response of methane production, arsenic mobility and speciation to future higher temperatures

Title data

Leon Ninin, Jose M. ; Higa Mori, Alejandra ; Pausch, Johanna ; Planer-Friedrich, Britta:
Long-term paddy use influences response of methane production, arsenic mobility and speciation to future higher temperatures.
In: Science of the Total Environment. Vol. 943 (2024) . - 173793.
ISSN 0048-9697

Abstract in another language

Anaerobic microbial metabolisms make flooded paddy soils a major source of the greenhouse gas methane (CH4) and mobilize toxic arsenic (As), threatening rice production and consumption. Increasing temperatures due to climate change enhance these microbially mediated processes, increasing their related threats. Chronosequence studies show that long-term paddy use (“age”) changes soil properties and redox biogeochemistry through soil organic carbon (SOC) accumulation, its association to amorphous iron (Fe) phases, and increased microbial activity. Using paddy and non-paddy soils from a chronosequence as proxies of soil development and incubating them at different temperatures, we show that paddy soil age influences the response of paddies to changes in temperature. Older paddies showed up to a 6-fold higher CH4 production with increasing temperature, compared to a 2-fold increase in young ones. Contrarily, changes in As mobility were higher in non-paddies and young paddies due to a lack of Fe-SOC-sorption sites. Temperature increased the formation of phytotoxic methylated As in all paddies, posing a risk for rice production. Mitigation strategies for future maintenance, abandonment, or management of paddy soils should include the consideration that history of use shapes the soils' biogeochemistry and microbiology and can influence the response of paddy soils to future temperature increases.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Professor Environmental Geochemistry Group > Professor Environmental Geochemistry - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Britta Planer-Friedrich
Research Institutions > Central research institutes > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 550 Earth sciences, geology
Date Deposited: 24 Jun 2024 08:56
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2024 08:56