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Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology > Chair Plant Ecology > Chair Plant Ecology - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Steven Ian Higgins

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Number of items at this level: 108.

2020

Nürk, Nicolai M. ; Linder, H. Peter ; Onstein, Renske E. ; Larcombe, Matthew J. ; Hughes, Colin E. ; Piñeiro Fernández, Laura ; Schlüter, Philipp M. ; Valente, Luis ; Beierkuhnlein, Carl ; Cutts, Vanessa ; Donoghue, Michael J. ; Edwards, Erika J. ; Field, Richard ; Flantua, Suzette G. A. ; Higgins, Steven I. ; Jentsch, Anke ; Liede-Schumann, Sigrid ; Pirie, Michael D.:
Diversification in evolutionary arenas : Assessment and synthesis.
In: Ecology and Evolution. Vol. 10 (19 May 2020) Issue 12 . - pp. 6163-6182.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.6313

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Jung, Eun-Young ; Gaviria, Julian ; Sun, Shanwen ; Engelbrecht, Bettina M. J.:
Comparative drought resistance of temperate grassland species : testing performance trade-offs and the relation to distribution.
In: Oecologia. Vol. 192 (1 April 2020) Issue 4 . - pp. 1023-1036.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15495/EPub_UBT_00005090

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Conradi, Timo ; Van Meerbeek, Koenraad ; Ordonez, Alejandro ; Svenning, Jens-Christian:
Biogeographic historical legacies in the net primary productivity of Northern Hemisphere forests.
In: Ecology Letters. Vol. 23 (2020) Issue 5 . - pp. 800-810.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15495/EPub_UBT_00005061

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Okach, Daniel Osieko:
Effects of livestock grazing and rainfall variability on the structure and function of the herbaceous layer community of a humid savanna ecosystem in Lambwe Valley - Kenya.
Bayreuth , 2020 . - 188 p.
( Doctoral thesis, 2020 , Universität Bayreuth, Bayreuther Graduiertenschule für Mathematik und Naturwissenschaften - BayNAT)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15495/EPub_UBT_00004844

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Conradi, Timo ; Slingsby, Jasper A. ; Midgley, Guy F. ; Nottebrock, Henning ; Schweiger, Andreas H. ; Higgins, Steven I.:
An operational definition of the biome for global change research.
In: New Phytologist. Vol. 227 (2020) Issue 5 . - pp. 1294-1306.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15495/EPub_UBT_00005034

2019

Tautenhahn, Susanne ; Grün-Wenzel, Christina ; Jung, Martin ; Higgins, Steven I. ; Römermann, Christine:
On the relevance of intraspecific trait variability : A synthesis of 56 dry grassland sites across Europe.
In: Flora : Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants. Vol. 254 (May 2019) . - pp. 161-172.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.flora.2019.03.002

Pfeiffer, Mirjam ; Langan, Liam ; Linstädter, Anja ; Martens, Carola ; Gaillard, Camille ; Ruppert, Jan C. ; Higgins, Steven I. ; Mudongo, Edwin I. ; Scheiter, Simon:
Grazing and aridity reduce perennial grass abundance in semi-arid rangelands : Insights from a trait-based dynamic vegetation model.
In: Ecological Modelling. Vol. 395 (March 2019) . - pp. 11-22.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2018.12.013

Beckage, Brian ; Bucini, Gabriela ; Gross, Louis J. ; Platt, William J. ; Higgins, Steven I. ; Fowler, Norma L. ; Slocum, Matthew G. ; Farrior, Caroline:
Water Limitation, Fire, and Savanna Persistence.
In: Scogings, Peter Frank ; Sankaran, Mahesh (ed.): Savanna Woody Plants and Large Herbivores. - Hoboken, NJ, USA : Wiley, 2019 . - pp. 643-659
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119081111.ch19

2018

Gaillard, Camille ; Langan, Liam ; Pfeiffer, Mirjam ; Kumar, Dushyant ; Martens, Carola ; Higgins, Steven I. ; Scheiter, Simon:
African shrub distribution emerges via a trade-off between height and sapwood conductivity.
In: Journal of Biogeography. Vol. 45 (2018) Issue 12 . - pp. 2815-2826.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.13447

Archibald, Sally ; Lehmann, C. E. R. ; Belcher, Claire M. ; Bond, William J. ; Bradstock, Ross A. ; Daniau, Anne-Laure ; Dexter, Kyle G. ; Forrestel, Elisabeth J. ; Greve, Michelle ; He, T. ; Higgins, Steven I. ; Hoffmann, William A. ; Lamont, Byron B. ; McGlinn, Daniel J. ; Moncrieff, Glenn R. ; Osborne, Colin P. ; Pausas, Juli G. ; Price, Owen F. ; Ripley, Brad S. ; Rogers, Brendan M. ; Schwilk, Dylan W. ; Simon, Marcelo F. ; Turetsky, Merritt R. ; van der Werf, G. R. ; Zanne, Amy E.:
Biological and geophysical feedbacks with fire in the Earth system.
In: Environmental Research Letters. Vol. 13 (2018) Issue 3 . - No. 033003.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/aa9ead

Magarey, Roger ; Newton, Leslie ; Hong, Seung Cheon ; Takeuchi, Yu ; Christie, David ; Jarnevich, Catherine S. ; Kohl, Lisa ; Damus, Martin ; Higgins, Steven I. ; Millar, Leah ; Castro, Karen ; West, Amanda ; Hastings, John ; Cook, Gericke ; Kartesz, John ; Koop, Anthony L.:
Comparison of four modeling tools for the prediction of potential distribution for non-indigenous weeds in the United States.
In: Biological Invasions. Vol. 20 (2018) Issue 3 . - pp. 679-694.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10530-017-1567-1

Larcombe, Matthew J. ; Jordan, Gregory J. ; Bryant, David ; Higgins, Steven I.:
The dimensionality of niche space allows bounded and unbounded processes to jointly influence diversification.
In: Nature Communications. Vol. 9 (2018) Issue 1 . - No. 4258.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-06732-x

Rose, Laura ; Buitenwerf, Robert ; Cramer, Michael ; February, Edmund C. ; Higgins, Steven I.:
Effects of nutrient supply on carbon and water economies of C4 grasses.
In: Functional Plant Biology. Vol. 45 (2018) Issue 9 . - pp. 935-944.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1071/FP17359

2017

Bucher, Solveig Franziska ; Auerswald, Karl ; Grün-Wenzel, Christina ; Higgins, Steven I. ; Garcia Jorge, Javier ; Römermann, Christine:
Stomatal traits relate to habitat preferences of herbaceous species in a temperate climate.
In: Flora : Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants. Vol. 229 (April 2017) . - pp. 107-115.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.flora.2017.02.011

Langan, Liam ; Higgins, Steven I. ; Scheiter, Simon:
Climate-biomes, pedo-biomes or pyro-biomes : which world view explains the tropical forest-savanna boundary in South America?
In: Journal of Biogeography. Vol. 44 (2017) Issue 10 . - pp. 2319-2330.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.13018

Higgins, Steven I.:
Ecosystem Assembly : A Mission for Terrestrial Earth System Science.
In: Ecosystems. Vol. 20 (2017) Issue 1 . - pp. 69-77.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-016-0054-3

2016

Jucker, Tommaso ; Caspersen, John ; Chave, Jérôme ; Antin, Cécile ; Barbier, Nicolas ; Bongers, Frans ; Dalponte, Michele ; van Ewijk, Karin Y. ; Forrester, David I. ; Haeni, Matthias ; Higgins, Steven I. ; Holdaway, Robert J. ; Iida, Yoshiko ; Lorimer, Craig ; Marshall, Peter L. ; Momo, Stéphane ; Moncrieff, Glenn R. ; Ploton, Pierre ; Poorter, Lourens ; Rahman, Kassim Abd ; Schlund, Michael ; Sonké, Bonaventure ; Sterck, Frank J. ; Trugman, Anna T. ; Usoltsev, Vladimir A. ; Vanderwel, Mark C. ; Waldner, Peter ; Wedeux, Beatrice M. M. ; Wirth, Christian ; Wöll, Hannsjörg ; Woods, Murray ; Xiang, Wenhua ; Zimmermann, Niklaus E. ; Coomes, David A.:
Allometric equations for integrating remote sensing imagery into forest monitoring programmes.
In: Global Change Biology. Vol. 23 (2016) Issue 1 . - pp. 177-190.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.13388

Buitenwerf, Robert ; Higgins, Steven I.:
Convergence among global biogeographical realms in the physiological niche of evergreen and deciduous vegetation.
In: Global Ecology and Biogeography. Vol. 25 (2016) Issue 6 . - pp. 704-715.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.12447

Higgins, Steven I. ; Buitenwerf, Robert ; Moncrieff, Glenn R.:
Defining functional biomes and monitoring their change globally.
In: Global Change Biology. Vol. 22 (2016) Issue 11 . - pp. 3583-3593.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.13367

Moncrieff, Glenn R. ; Scheiter, Simon ; Langan, Liam ; Trabucco, Antonio ; Higgins, Steven I.:
The future distribution of the savannah biome : model-based and biogeographic contingency.
In: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. Vol. 371 (2016) Issue 1703 . - No. 20150311.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2015.0311

Bowman, David M. J. S. ; Perry, George L. W. ; Higgins, Steve I. ; Johnson, Chris N. ; Fuhlendorf, Samuel D. ; Murphy, Brett P.:
Pyrodiversity is the coupling of biodiversity and fire regimes in food webs.
In: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. Vol. 371 (2016) Issue 1696 . - No. 20150169.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2015.0169

February, Edmund Carl ; Higgins, Steven Ian:
Rapid Leaf Deployment Strategies in a Deciduous Savanna.
In: PLoS One. Vol. 11 (2016) Issue 6 . - No. e0157833.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0157833

Moncrieff, Glenn R. ; Bond, William J. ; Higgins, Steven I.:
Revising the biome concept for understanding and predicting global change impacts.
In: Journal of Biogeography. Vol. 43 (2016) Issue 5 . - pp. 863-873.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.12701

2015

Moncrieff, Glenn R. ; Scheiter, Simon ; Slingsby, Jasper A. ; Higgins, Steven I.:
Understanding global change impacts on South African biomes using Dynamic Vegetation Models.
In: South African Journal of Botany. Vol. 101 (November 2015) . - pp. 16-23.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sajb.2015.02.004

Higgins, Steven I. ; Keretetse, Moagi ; February, Edmund C.:
Feedback of trees on nitrogen mineralization to restrict the advance of trees in C4 savannahs.
In: Biology Letters. Vol. 11 (2015) Issue 8 . - No. 20150572.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2015.0572

Baudena, Mara ; Dekker, Stefan C. ; van Bodegom, Peter M. ; Cuesta, B. ; Higgins, Steven I. ; Lehsten, Veiko ; Reick, Christian H. ; Rietkerk, Max ; Scheiter, Simon ; Yin, Zun ; Zavala, Miguel A. ; Brovkin, Victor:
Forests, savannas, and grasslands : bridging the knowledge gap between ecology and Dynamic Global Vegetation Models.
In: Biogeosciences. Vol. 12 (2015) Issue 6 . - pp. 1833-1848.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-12-1833-2015

Moncrieff, Glenn R. ; Hickler, Thomas ; Higgins, Steven I.:
Intercontinental divergence in the climate envelope of major plant biomes.
In: Global Ecology and Biogeography. Vol. 24 (2015) Issue 3 . - pp. 324-334.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.12257

Zimmermann, Julia ; Higgins, Steven I. ; Grimm, Volker ; Hoffmann, John ; Linstädter, Anja:
Local density effects on individual production are dynamic : insights from natural stands of a perennial savanna grass.
In: Oecologia. Vol. 178 (2015) Issue 4 . - pp. 1125-1135.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-015-3291-9

Pachzelt, Adrian ; Forrest, Matthew ; Rammig, Anja ; Higgins, Steven I. ; Hickler, Thomas:
Potential impact of large ungulate grazers on African vegetation, carbon storage and fire regimes.
In: Global Ecology and Biogeography. Vol. 24 (2015) Issue 9 . - pp. 991-1002.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.12313

Buitenwerf, Robert ; Rose, Laura ; Higgins, Steven I.:
Three decades of multi-dimensional change in global leaf phenology.
In: Nature Climate Change. Vol. 5 (2015) Issue 4 . - pp. 364-368.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2533

2014

Scheiter, Simon ; Higgins, Steven I. ; Beringer, Jason ; Hutley, Lindsay B.:
Climate change and long-term fire management impacts on Australian savannas.
In: New Phytologist. Vol. 205 (2014) Issue 3 . - pp. 1211-1226.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.13130

Moncrieff, Glenn R. ; Lehmann, Caroline E. R. ; Schnitzler, Jan ; Gambiza, James ; Hiernaux, Pierre ; Ryan, Casey M. ; Shackleton, Charlie M. ; Williams, Richard J. ; Higgins, Steven I.:
Contrasting architecture of key African and Australian savanna tree taxa drives intercontinental structural divergence.
In: Global Ecology and Biogeography. Vol. 23 (2014) Issue 11 . - pp. 1235-1244.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.12205

Zizka, Alexander ; Govender, Navashni ; Higgins, Steven I.:
How to tell a shrub from a tree : A life-history perspective from a South African savanna.
In: Austral Ecology. Vol. 39 (2014) Issue 7 . - pp. 767-778.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/aec.12142

Moncrieff, Glenn R. ; Scheiter, Simon ; Bond, William J. ; Higgins, Steven I.:
Increasing atmospheric CO₂overrides the historical legacy of multiple stable biome states in Africa.
In: New Phytologist. Vol. 201 (2014) Issue 3 . - pp. 908-915.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.12551

Svenning, Jens-Christian ; Gravel, Dominique ; Holt, Robert D. ; Schurr, Frank M. ; Thuiller, Wilfried ; Münkemüller, Tamara ; Schiffers, Katja H. ; Dullinger, Stefan ; Edwards, Thomas C. ; Hickler, Thomas ; Higgins, Steven I. ; Nabel, Julia E. M. S. ; Pagel, Jörn ; Normand, Signe:
The influence of interspecific interactions on species range expansion rates.
In: Ecography. Vol. 37 (2014) Issue 12 . - pp. 1198-1209.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0587.2013.00574.x

Higgins, Steven I. ; Richardson, David M.:
Invasive plants have broader physiological niches.
In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. Vol. 111 (2014) Issue 29 . - pp. 10610-10614.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1406075111

Lehmann, Caroline E. R. ; Anderson, T. Michael ; Sankaran, Mahesh ; Higgins, Steven I. ; Archibald, Sally ; Hoffmann, William A. ; Hanan, Niall P. ; Williams, Richard J. ; Fensham, Roderick J. ; Felfili, Jeanine ; Hutley, Lindsay B. ; Ratnam, Jayashree ; San Jose, Jose ; Montes, Ruben ; Franklin, Don ; Russell-Smith, Jeremy ; Ryan, Casey M. ; Durigan, Giselda ; Hiernaux, Pierre ; Haidar, Ricardo ; Bowman, David M. J. S. ; Bond, William J.:
Savanna Vegetation-Fire-Climate Relationships Differ Among Continents.
In: Science. Vol. 343 (2014) Issue 6170 . - pp. 548-552.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1247355

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Buitenwerf, Robert ; Kulmatiski, Andrew ; Higgins, Steven I.:
Soil water retention curves for the major soil types of the Kruger National Park.
In: Koedoe. Vol. 56 (2014) Issue 1 . - 9 S..
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/koedoe.v56i1.1228

Snell, Rebecca S. ; Huth, Andreas ; Nabel, J. E. M. S. ; Bocedi, Greta ; Travis, Justin M. J. ; Gravel, Dominique ; Bugmann, Harald ; Gutiérrez, Alvaro G. ; Hickler, Thomas ; Higgins, Steven I. ; Reineking, Björn ; Scherstjanoi, Marc ; Zurbriggen, Natalie ; Lischke, Heike:
Using dynamic vegetation models to simulate plant range shifts.
In: Ecography. Vol. 37 (2014) Issue 12 . - pp. 1184-1197.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/ecog.00580

2013

Pachzelt, Adrian ; Rammig, Anja ; Higgins, Steven ; Hickler, Thomas:
Coupling a physiological grazer population model with a generalized model for vegetation dynamics.
In: Ecological Modelling. Vol. 263 (August 2013) . - pp. 92-102.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2013.04.025

Börner, Jan ; Higgins, Steven I. ; Scheiter, Simon ; Kantelhardt, Jochen:
Approximating Optimal Numerical Solutions to Bio-economic Systems : How Useful is Simulation-optimization?
In: Quarterly Journal of International Agriculture. Vol. 52 (2013) Issue 3 . - pp. 179-198.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22004/ag.econ.173645

Sarmento Cabral, Juliano ; Jeltsch, Florian ; Thuiller, Wilfried ; Higgins, Steven I. ; Midgley, Guy F. ; Rebelo, Anthony G. ; Rouget, Mathieu ; Schurr, Frank M.:
Impacts of past habitat loss and future climate change on the range dynamics of South African Proteaceae.
In: Diversity and Distributions. Vol. 19 (2013) Issue 4 . - pp. 363-376.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.12011

February, Edmund C. ; Higgins, Steven I. ; Bond, William J. ; Swemmer, Louise:
Influence of competition and rainfall manipulation on the growth responses of savanna trees and grasses.
In: Ecology. Vol. 94 (2013) Issue 5 . - pp. 1155-1164.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1890/12-0540.1

Scheiter, Simon ; Langan, Liam ; Higgins, Steven I.:
Next-generation dynamic global vegetation models : learning from community ecology.
In: New Phytologist. Vol. 198 (2013) Issue 3 . - pp. 957-969.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.12210

2012

Higgins, Steven I. ; Scheiter, Simon:
Atmospheric CO₂ forces abrupt vegetation shifts locally, but not globally.
In: Nature. Vol. 488 (2012) Issue 7410 . - pp. 209-212.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/nature11238

Hartig, Florian ; Dyke, James ; Hickler, Thomas ; Higgins, Steven I. ; O’Hara, Robert B. ; Scheiter, Simon ; Huth, Andreas:
Connecting dynamic vegetation models to data : an inverse perspective.
In: Journal of Biogeography. Vol. 39 (2012) Issue 12 . - pp. 2240-2252.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2699.2012.02745.x

The ecological niche as a window to biodiversity.
ed.: Higgins, Steven I. ; Römermann, Christine ; O'Hara, Robert B.
Journal of Biogeography. Vol. 39 (2012) Issue 12 .
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.12039

Scheiter, Simon ; Higgins, Steven I. ; Osborne, Colin P. ; Bradshaw, Catherine ; Lunt, Dan ; Ripley, Brad S. ; Taylor, Lyla L. ; Beerling, David J.:
Fire and fire-adapted vegetation promoted C₄ expansion in the late Miocene.
In: New Phytologist. Vol. 195 (2012) Issue 3 . - pp. 653-666.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2012.04202.x

Scheiter, Simon ; Higgins, Steven I.:
How many elephants can you fit into a conservation area.
In: Conservation Letters. Vol. 5 (2012) Issue 3 . - pp. 176-185.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1755-263X.2012.00225.x

Higgins, Steven I. ; O'Hara, Robert B. ; Römermann, Christine:
A niche for biology in species distribution models.
In: Journal of Biogeography. Vol. 39 (2012) Issue 12 . - pp. 2091-2095.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.12029

Higgins, Steven I. ; O’Hara, Robert B. ; Bykova, Olga ; Cramer, Michael D. ; Chuine, Isabelle ; Gerstner, Eva-Maria ; Hickler, Thomas ; Morin, Xavier ; Kearney, Michael R. ; Midgley, Guy F. ; Scheiter, Simon:
A physiological analogy of the niche for projecting the potential distribution of plants.
In: Journal of Biogeography. Vol. 39 (2012) Issue 12 . - pp. 2132-2145.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2699.2012.02752.x

Bykova, Olga ; Chuine, Isabelle ; Morin, Xavier ; Higgins, Steven I. ; Linder, Peter:
Temperature dependence of the reproduction niche and its relevance for plant species distributions.
In: Journal of Biogeography. Vol. 39 (2012) Issue 12 . - pp. 2191-2200.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2699.2012.02764.x

Higgins, Steven I. ; Bond, William J. ; Combrink, Henri ; Craine, Joseph M. ; February, Edmund C. ; Govender, Navashni ; Lannas, Kathryn ; Moncreiff, Glenn R. ; Trollope, Winston S. W.:
Which traits determine shifts in the abundance of tree species in a fire-prone savanna?
In: Journal of Ecology. Vol. 100 (2012) Issue 6 . - pp. 1400-1410.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2745.2012.02026.x

2011

Verweij, Richard J.T. ; Higgins, Steven I. ; Bond, William J. ; February, Edmund C.:
Water sourcing by trees in a mesic savanna : Responses to severing deep and shallow roots.
In: Environmental and Experimental Botany. Vol. 74 (December 2011) . - pp. 229-236.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2011.06.004

Higgins, Steven I. ; Delgado-Cartay, Maria D. ; February, Edmund C. ; Combrink, Hendrik J.:
Is there a temporal niche separation in the leaf phenology of savanna trees and grasses?
In: Journal of Biogeography. Vol. 38 (2011) Issue 11 . - pp. 2165-2175.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2699.2011.02549.x

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Hill, Michael J. ; Hanan, N. P. ; Hoffmann, William ; Scholes, R. ; Prince, Sam ; Ferwerda, J. ; Lucas, Robyn M. ; Baker, I. ; Arneth, A. ; Higgins, Steven I. ; Barrett, D. J. ; Disney, M. ; Hutley, L.:
Remote sensing and modeling of savannas : The state of the dis-union.
In: International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ed.): 34th International Symposium for Remote Sensing of the Environment. - Sydney , 2011

Moncrieff, Glenn R. ; Chamaillé-Jammes, Simon ; Higgins, Steven I. ; O'Hara, Robert B. ; Bond, William J.:
Tree allometries reflect a lifetime of herbivory in an African savanna.
In: Ecology. Vol. 92 (2011) Issue 12 . - pp. 2310-2315.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1890/11-0230.1

Kattge, J. ; Diaz, S. ; Lavorel, S. ; Prentice, I. C. ; Leadly, P. ; Bönisch, G. ; Garnier, E. ; Westoby, M. ; Reich, P. B. ; Wright, I. J. ; Cornelissen, J. H. C. ; Violle, C. ; Harrison, S. P. ; van Bodegom, P. M. ; Reichstein, M. ; Enquist, B. J. ; Soudzilovskaia, N. A. ; Ackerly, D. D. ; Anand, M. ; Atkin, O. ; Bahn, M. ; Baker, T. R. ; Baldocchi, D. ; Bekker, R. ; Blanco, C. C. ; Blonder, B. ; Bond, W. J. ; Bradstock, R. ; Bunker, D. E. ; Casanoves, F. ; Cavender-Bares, J. ; Chambers, J. Q. ; Chapin III, F. S. ; Chave, J. ; Coomes, D. ; Cornwell, W. K. ; Craine, J. M. ; Dobrin, B. H. ; Duarte, L. ; Durka, W. ; Elser, J. ; Esser, G. ; Estiarte, M. ; Fagan, W. F. ; Fang, J. ; Fernández-Méndez, F. ; Fidelis, A. ; Finegan, B. ; Flores, O. ; Ford, H. ; Frank, D. ; Freschet, G. T. ; Fyllas, N. M. ; Gallagher, R. V. ; Green, W. A. ; Gutierrez, A. G. ; Hickler, T. ; Higgins, Steven I. ; Hodgson, J. G. ; Jalili, A. ; Jansen, S. ; Joly, C. A. ; Kerkhoff, A. J. ; Kirkup, D. ; Kitajima, K. ; Kleyer, M. ; Klotz, S. ; Knops, J. M. H. ; Kramer, K. ; Kühn, I. ; Kurokawa, H. ; Laughlin, D. ; Lee, T. D. ; Leishman, M. ; Lens, F. ; Lenz, T. ; Lewis, S. L. ; Lloyd, J. ; Llusià, J. ; Louault, F. ; Ma, S. ; Mahecha, M. D. ; Manning, P. ; Massad, T. ; Medlyn, B. E. ; Messier, J. ; Moles, A. T. ; Müller, S. C. ; Nadrowski, K. ; Naeem, S. ; Niinemets, Ü. ; Nöllert, S. ; Nüske, A. ; Ogaya, R. ; Olegsyn, J. ; Onipchenko, V. G. ; Onoda, Y. ; Ordonez, J. ; Overbeck, G. ; Ozinga, W. A. ; Patino, S. ; Paula, S. ; Pausas, J. G. ; Penuelas, J. ; Phillips, O. L. ; Pillar, V. ; Poorter, H. ; Poorter, L. ; Poschlod, P. ; Prinzing, A. ; Proulx, R. ; Rammig, A. ; Reinsch, S. ; Reu, B. ; Sack, L. ; Salgado-Negret, B. ; Sardans, J. ; Shiodera, S. ; Shiphley, B. ; Siefert, A. ; Sosinski, E. ; Soussana, J.-F. ; Swaine, E. ; Swenson, N. ; Thompson, K. ; Thornton, P. ; Waldram, M. ; Weiher, E. ; White, M. ; White, S. ; Wright, S. J. ; Yguel, B. ; Zaehle, S. ; Zanne, A. E. ; Wirth, C.:
TRY : a global database of plant traits.
In: Global Change Biology. Vol. 17 (2011) Issue 9 . - pp. 2905-2935.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02451.x

van Langevelde, Frank ; Tomlinson, Kyle ; Barbosa, Eduardo R. M. ; de Bie, Steven ; Prins, Herbert H. T. ; Higgins, Steven I.:
Understanding Tree-Grass Coexistence and Impacts of Disturbance and Resource Variability in Savannas.
In: Hill, Michael J. ; Hanan, Niall P. (ed.): Ecosystem Function in Savannas : Measurement and Modeling at Landscape to Global Scales. - Boca Raton : CRC Press, 2011 . - pp. 257-268

Ratnam, Jayashree ; Bond, William J. ; Fensham, Rod J. ; Hoffmann, William A. ; Archibald, Sally ; Lehmann, Caroline E. R. ; Anderson, Michael T. ; Higgins, Steven I. ; Sankaran, Mahesh:
When is a ‘forest’ a savanna, and why does it matter?
In: Global Ecology and Biogeography. Vol. 20 (2011) Issue 5 . - pp. 653-660.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-8238.2010.00634.x

2010

February, Edmund C. ; Higgins, Steven I.:
The distribution of tree and grass roots in savannas in relation to soil nitrogen and water.
In: South African Journal of Botany. Vol. 76 (2010) Issue 3 . - pp. 517-523.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sajb.2010.04.001

Zimmermann, Julia ; Higgins, Steven I. ; Grimm, Volker ; Hoffmann, John ; Linstädter, Anja:
Grass mortality in semi-arid savanna : The role of fire, competition and self-shading.
In: Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics. Vol. 12 (2010) Issue 1 . - pp. 1-8.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ppees.2009.09.003

Higgins, Steven I. ; Scheiter, Simon ; Sankaran, Mahesh:
The stability of African savannas : insights from the indirect estimation of the parameters of a dynamic model.
In: Ecology. Vol. 91 (2010) Issue 6 . - pp. 1682-1692.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1890/08-1368.1

2009

Scheiter, Simon ; Higgins, Steven I.:
Impacts of climate change on the vegetation of Africa : an adaptive dynamic vegetation modelling approach.
In: Global Change Biology. Vol. 15 (2009) Issue 9 . - pp. 2224-2246.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2008.01838.x

2008

Higgins, Steven I. ; Flores, Olivier ; Schurr, Frank M.:
Costs of persistence and the spread of competing seeders and sprouters.
In: Journal of Ecology. Vol. 96 (2008) Issue 4 . - pp. 679-686.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2745.2008.01391.x

Higgins, Steven ; Bond, William J. ; Trollope, Winston S. W. ; Williams, Richard J.:
Physically motivated empirical models for the spread and intensity of grass fires.
In: International Journal of Wildland Fire. Vol. 17 (2008) Issue 5 . - pp. 595-601.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1071/WF06037

Zimmermann, Julia ; Higgins, Steven I. ; Grimm, Volker ; Hoffmann, John ; Münkemüller, Tamara ; Linstädter, Anja:
Recruitment filters in a perennial grassland : the interactive roles of fire, competitors, moisture and seed availability.
In: Journal of Ecology. Vol. 96 (2008) Issue 5 . - pp. 1033-1044.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2745.2008.01409.x

2007

Schurr, Frank M. ; Midgley, Guy F. ; Rebelo, Anthony G. ; Reeves, Gail ; Poschlod, Peter ; Higgins, Steven I.:
Colonization and persistence ability explain the extent to which plant species fill their potential range.
In: Global Ecology and Biogeography. Vol. 16 (2007) Issue 4 . - pp. 449-459.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-8238.2006.00293.x

Higgins, Steven I. ; Bond, William J. ; February, Edmund C. ; Bronn, Andries ; Euston-Brown, Douglas I. W. ; Enslin, Beukes ; Govender, Navashni ; Rademan, Louise ; O'Regan, Sean ; Potgieter, Andre L. F. ; Scheiter, Simon ; Sowry, Richard ; Trollope, Lynn ; Trollope, Winston S. W.:
Effects of four decades of fire Manipulation on woody vegetation structure in savanna.
In: Ecology. Vol. 88 (2007) Issue 5 . - pp. 1119-1125.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1890/06-1664

Scheiter, Simon ; Higgins, Steven I.:
Partitioning of Root and Shoot Competition and the Stability of Savannas.
In: The American Naturalist. Vol. 170 (2007) Issue 4 . - pp. 587-601.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1086/521317

Midgley, Guy F. ; Thuiller, Wilfried ; Higgins, Steven I.:
Plant Species Migration as a Key Uncertainty in Predicting Future Impacts of Climate Change on Ecosystems : Progress and Challenges.
In: Canadell, Josep G. ; Pataki, Diane E. ; Pitelka, Louis F. (ed.): Terrestrial Ecosystems in a Changing World. - Berlin ; Heidelberg ; New York : Springer, 2007 . - pp. 129-137 . - (Global Change - The IGBP Series )
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-32730-1_11

Börner, Jan ; Higgins, Steven I. ; Kantelhardt, Jochen ; Scheiter, Simon:
Rainfall or price variability : what determines rangeland management decisions? ; A simulation-optimization approach to South African savannas.
In: Agricultural Economics. Vol. 37 (2007) Issue 2/3 . - pp. 189-200.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-0862.2007.00265.x

Higgins, Steven I. ; Kantelhardt, Jochen ; Scheiter, Simon ; Boerner, Jan:
Sustainable management of extensively managed savanna rangelands.
In: Ecological Economics. Vol. 62 (2007) Issue 1 . - pp. 102-114.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2006.05.019

February, Edmund C. ; Higgins, Steven I. ; Newton, Rosemary ; West, Adam G.:
Tree distribution on a steep environmental gradient in an arid savanna.
In: Journal of Biogeography. Vol. 34 (2007) Issue 2 . - pp. 270-278.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2699.2006.01583.x

2005

Sankaran, Mahesh ; Hanan, Niall P. ; Scholes, Robert J. ; Ratnam, Jayashree ; Augustine, David J. ; Cade, Brian S. ; Gignoux, Jacques ; Higgins, Steven I. ; Le Roux, Xavier ; Ludwig, Fulco ; Ardo, Jonas ; Banyikwa, Feetham ; Bronn, Andries ; Bucini, Gabriela ; Caylor, Kelly K. ; Coughenour, Michael B. ; Diouf, Alioune ; Ekaya, Wellington ; Feral, Christie J. ; February, Edmund C. ; Frost, Peter G. H. ; Hiernaux, Pierre ; Hrabar, Halszka ; Metzger, Kristine L. ; Prins, Herbert H. T. ; Ringrose, Susan ; Sea, William ; Tews, Jörg ; Worden, Jeff ; Zambatis, Nick:
Determinants of woody cover in African savannas.
In: Nature. Vol. 438 (2005) Issue 7069 . - pp. 846-849.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04070

Rejmánek, Marcel ; Richardson, David M. ; Higgins, Steven I. ; Pitcairn, Michael J. ; Grotkopp, Eva:
Ecology of invasive plants : state of the art.
In: Mooney, Harold A. ; Mack, Richard ; McNeely, Jeffrey A. ; Neville, Laurie E. ; Schei, Peter Johan ; Waage, Jeffrey K. (ed.): Invasive alien species : a new synthesis. - Washington, D.C. : Island Press, 2005 . - pp. 104-161 . - (SCOPE ; 63 )

Schurr, Frank M. ; Bond, William J. ; Midgley, Guy F. ; Higgins, Steven I.:
A mechanistic model for secondary seed dispersal by wind and its experimental validation.
In: Journal of Ecology. Vol. 93 (2005) Issue 5 . - pp. 1017-1028.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2745.2005.01018.x

2003

Higgins, Steven I. ; Nathan, R. ; Cain, Michael L.:
Are long-distance Dispersal Events in Plants ususally caused by Nonstandard Means of Dispersal?
In: Ecology. Vol. 84 (2003) Issue 8 . - pp. 1945-1956.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1890/01-0616

Higgins, Steven I. ; Lavorel, Sandra ; Revilla, Eloy:
Estimating plant migration rates under habitat loss and fragmentation.
In: Oikos. Vol. 101 (2003) Issue 2 . - pp. 354-366.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1034/j.1600-0706.2003.12141.x

Higgins, Steven I. ; Clark, James S. ; Nathan, Ran ; Hovestadt, Thomas ; Schurr, Frank M. ; Fragoso, José M. V. ; Aguiar, Martin R. ; Ribbens, Eric ; Lavorel, Sandra:
Forecasting plant migration rates : managing uncertainty for risk assessment.
In: Journal of Ecology. Vol. 91 (2003) Issue 3 . - pp. 341-347.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2745.2003.00781.x

Higgins, Steven I. ; Lavorel, Sandra ; Tackenberg, Oliver:
Plant dispersal and habitat loss synergies.
In: Hannah, Lee Jay ; Lovejoy, Thomas E. ; Center for Applied Biodiversity Science at Conservation International (ed.): Climate change and biodiversity : synergistic impacts. - Washington, DC : Conservation International, 2003 . - pp. 71-76 . - (Advances in Applied Biodiversity Science ; 4 )

Robertson, M. P. ; Henderson, Lesley ; Higgins, Steven I. ; Fairbanks, Dean H. K. ; Zimmermann, H. G. ; le Maitre, David C. ; Shackleton, Charlie M. ; Villet, Martin H. ; Hoffmann, John H. ; Palmer, Anthony R. ; Riggs, Ivan:
A proposed prioritization system for the management of invasive alien plants in South Africa : research in action.
In: South African Journal of Science. Vol. 99 (2003) Issue 1 . - pp. 37-43.

2002

Beukes, Pierre C. ; Cowling, Richard M. ; Higgins, Steven I.:
An ecological economic simulation model of a non-selective grazing system in the Nama Karoo, South Africa.
In: Ecological Economics. Vol. 42 (2002) Issue 1/2 . - pp. 221-242.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0921-8009(02)00055-1

Higgins, Steven I. ; Cain, Michael L.:
Spatially realistic plant metapopulation models and the colonization-competition trade-off.
In: Journal of Ecology. Vol. 90 (2002) Issue 4 . - pp. 616-626.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2745.2002.00694.x

2001

Higgins, Steven I. ; Bond, William J. ; Pickett, Steward T.A.:
Environmental stochasticity cannot save declining populations.
In: Trends in Ecology & Evolution. Vol. 16 (2001) Issue 4 . - p. 177.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0169-5347(01)02112-7

Higgins, Steven I. ; Richardson, David M. ; Cowling, Richard M.:
Validation of a spatial simulation model of a spreading alien plant population.
In: Journal of Applied Ecology. Vol. 38 (2001) Issue 3 . - pp. 571-584.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2664.2001.00616.x

2000

Higgins, Steven I. ; Bond, William J. ; Trollope, Winston S. W.:
Fire, resprouting and variability : a recipe for grass-tree coexistence in savanna.
In: Journal of Ecology. Vol. 88 (2000) Issue 2 . - pp. 213-229.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2745.2000.00435.x

Richardson, David M. ; Bond, William J. ; Dean, W. Richard J. ; Higgins, Steven I. ; Midgley, Guy E. ; Milton, Suzanne J. ; Powrie, Leslie W. ; Rutherford, Michael C. ; Samways, Michael J. ; Schulze, Roland E.:
Invasive Alien Species and Global Change : A South African Perspective.
In: Mooney, Harold A. ; Hobbs, Richard J. (ed.): Invasive Species in a Changing World. - Washington, D.C. : Island Press, 2000 . - pp. 303-350

Richardson, David M. ; Higgins, Steven I.:
Pines as invaders in the southern hemisphere.
In: Richardson, David M. (ed.): Ecology and Biogeography of Pinus. - Cambridge : Cambridge Univ. Press, 2000 . - pp. 450-473

Higgins, Steven I. ; Pickett, Steward T .A. ; Bond, William J.:
Predicting extinction risks for plants : environmental stochasticity can save declining populations.
In: Trends in Ecology & Evolution. Vol. 15 (2000) Issue 12 . - pp. 516-520.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0169-5347(00)01993-5

Gambiza, James ; Bond, William J. ; Frost, Peter G. H. ; Higgins, Steven I.:
Special Section: Land use options in dry tropical woodland ecosystems in Zimbabwe : A simulation model of miombo woodland dynamics under different management regimes.
In: Ecological Economics. Vol. 33 (2000) Issue 3 . - pp. 353-368.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0921-8009(00)00145-2

Gambiza, James ; Bond, William J. ; Frost, Peter G. H. ; Higgins, Steven:
Special Selection: Land use options in dry tropical woodland ecosystems in Zimbabwe : A simulation model of miombo woodland dynamics under different management regimes.
In: Ecological Economics. Vol. 33 (2000) Issue 3 . - pp. 353-368.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0921-8009(00)00145-2

Higgins, Steven I. ; Richardson, David M. ; Cowling, Richard M.:
Using a Dynamic Landscape Model for Planning the Management of Alien Plant Invasions.
In: Ecological Applications. Vol. 10 (2000) Issue 6 . - pp. 1833-1848.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/2641242

1999

Higgins, Steven I. ; Shackleton, Charlie M. ; Robinson, E. Robbie:
Changes in woody community structure and composition under constrasting landuse systems in a semi-arid savanna, South Africa.
In: Journal of Biogeography. Vol. 26 (1999) Issue 3 . - pp. 619-627.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2699.1999.t01-1-00317.x

Higgins, Steven I. ; Richardson, David M.:
Predicting Plant Migration Rates in a Changing World : The Role of Long‐Distance Dispersal.
In: The American Naturalist. Vol. 153 (1999) Issue 5 . - pp. 464-475.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1086/303193

Higgins, Steven I. ; Richardson, David M. ; Cowling, Richard M. ; Trinder-Smith, Terry H.:
Predicting the Landscape-Scale Distribution of Alien Plants and Their Threat to Plant Diversity.
In: Conservation Biology. Vol. 13 (1999) Issue 2 . - pp. 303-313.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1523-1739.1999.013002303.x

1998

Higgins, Steven I. ; Richardson, David M.:
Pine invasions in the southern hemisphere : modelling interactions between organism, environment and disturbance.
In: Plant Ecology. Vol. 135 (1998) Issue 1 . - pp. 79-93.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1009760512895

1997

Higgins, Steven I. ; Rogers, Kevin H. ; Kemper, Jessica:
A description of the functional vegetation pattern of a semi-arid floodplain, South Africa.
In: Plant Ecology. Vol. 129 (1997) Issue 1 . - pp. 95-101.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1009763931832

Higgins, Steven I. ; Azorin, Esteban J. ; Cowling, Richard M. ; Morris, Mike J.:
A dynamic ecological-economic model as a tool for conflict resolution in an invasive-alien-plant, biological control and native-plant scenario.
In: Ecological Economics. Vol. 22 (1997) Issue 2 . - pp. 141-154.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0921-8009(97)00574-0

Higgins, Steven I. ; Turpie, Jane K. ; Costanza, Robert ; Cowling, Richard M. ; le Maitre, Dave C. ; Marais, Christo ; Midgley, Guy F.:
An ecological economic simulation model of mountain fynbos ecosystems : Dynamics, valuation and management.
In: Ecological Economics. Vol. 22 (1997) Issue 2 . - pp. 155-169.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0921-8009(97)00575-2

Cowling, Richard M. ; Constanza, Robert ; Higgins, Steven I.:
Services supplied by South African fynbos ecosystems.
In: Daily, Gretchen C. (ed.): Nature's Services : Societal Dependence On Natural Ecosystems. - Washington, D.C. : Island Press, 1997 . - pp. 345-362

1996

Richardson, David M. ; van Wilgen, Brian W. ; Higgins, Steven I. ; Trinder-Smith, Terry H. ; Cowling, Richard M. ; McKell, D. H.:
Current and future threats to plant biodiversity on the Cape Peninsula, South Africa.
In: Biodiversity and Conservation. Vol. 5 (1996) Issue 5 . - pp. 607-647.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00137612

Higgins, Steven I. ; Richardson, David M. ; Cowling, Richard M.:
Modeling Invasive Plant Spread : The Role of Plant-Environment Interactions and Model Structure.
In: Ecology. Vol. 77 (1996) Issue 7 . - pp. 2043-2054.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/2265699

Higgins, Steven I. ; Coetzee, M. A. S. ; Marneweck, G. C. ; Rogers, K. H.:
The Nyl River floodplain, South Africa, as a functional unit of the landscape : A review of current information.
In: African Journal of Ecology. Vol. 34 (1996) Issue 2 . - pp. 131-145.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2028.1996.019-89019.x

Higgins, Steven I. ; Richardson, David M.:
A review of models of alien plant spread.
In: Ecological Modelling. Vol. 87 (1996) Issue 1/3 . - pp. 249-265.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0304-3800(95)00022-4

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