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Guided hierarchical co-assembly of soft patchy nanoparticles

Title data

Gröschel, André H. ; Walther, Andreas ; Löbling, Tina I. ; Schacher, Felix H. ; Schmalz, Holger ; Müller, Axel H. E.:
Guided hierarchical co-assembly of soft patchy nanoparticles.
In: Nature. Vol. 503 (14 November 2013) Issue 7475 . - pp. 247-251.
ISSN 0028-0836
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/nature12610

Official URL: Volltext

Project information

Project financing: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft

Abstract in another language

The concept of hierarchical bottom-up structuring commonly encountered in naturalmaterials provides inspiration for the design of complex artificial materials with advanced functionalities(1,2). Natural processes have achieved the orchestration of multicomponent systems across many length scales with very high precision(3,4), but man-made self-assemblies still face obstacles in realizing well-defined hierarchical structures(5-11). In particle-based self-assembly, the challenge is to program symmetries and periodicities of superstructures by providing monodisperse building blocks with suitable shape anisotropy or anisotropic interaction patterns ('patches'). Irregularities in particle architecture are intolerable because they generate defects that amplify throughout the hierarchical levels. For patchy microscopic hard colloids, this challenge has been approached by using top-down methods (such as metal shading or microcontact printing), enabling molecule-like directionality during aggregation(12-16). However, both top-down procedures and particulate systems based on molecular assembly struggle to fabricate patchy particles controllably in the desired size regime (10-100 nm). Here we introduce the co-assembly of dynamic patchy nanoparticles-that is, soft patchy nanoparticles that are intrinsically self-assembled and monodisperse-as a modular approach for producing well-ordered binary and ternary supracolloidal hierarchical assemblies. We bridge up to three hierarchical levels by guiding triblock terpolymers (length scale 10 nm) to form soft patchy nanoparticles (20-50 nm) of different symmetries that, in combination, co-assemble into substructured, compartmentalized materials (>10 mu m) with predictable and tunable nanoscale periodicities. We establish how molecular control over polymer composition programs the building block symmetries and regulates particle positioning, offering a route to well-ordered mixed mesostructures of high complexity.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: ISI:000326894200048
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Chair Macromolecular Chemistry II
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Chair Macromolecular Chemistry II > Chair Macromolecular Chemistry II - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Andreas Greiner
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields > Polymer and Colloid Science
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry
Profile Fields
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 540 Chemistry
Date Deposited: 10 Apr 2015 06:50
Last Modified: 24 Apr 2015 07:24
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/10048