Titlebar

Export bibliographic data
Literature by the same author
plus on the publication server
plus at Google Scholar

 

First assessment for the presence of phlebotomine vectors in Bavaria, southern Germany, by combined distribution modeling and field surveys

Title data

Haeberlein, Simone ; Fischer, Dominik ; Thomas, Stephanie ; Schleicher, Ulrike ; Beierkuhnlein, Carl ; Bogdan, Christian:
First assessment for the presence of phlebotomine vectors in Bavaria, southern Germany, by combined distribution modeling and field surveys.
In: PLoS One. Vol. 8 (2013) Issue 11 . - e81088.
ISSN 1932-6203
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0081088

Abstract in another language

Leishmaniasis is caused by protozoa of the genus Leishmania and transmitted by sand flies from mammalian reservoirs to humans. In recent years, a northward spread of L. infantum from highly endemic Mediterranean countries into previously non-endemic Central European areas has been suspected based on presumed sporadic cases of autochthonous leishmaniasis. Here, we investigated whether sand flies are prevalent in Bavaria in Southern Germany, a federal state in which autochthonous cases have previously been reported. Considering the present and future climatic conditions, we determined whether Bavaria is suitable for five sand fly species with assumed spreading tendencies towards Central Europe: Phlebotomus ariasi, P. neglectus, P. perfiliewi and P. perniciosus that are known vectors for Leishmania in Europe, and P. mascitti, a suspected but not proven vector. Within Bavaria we defined sampling regions based on their climatic suitability and their spatial distance to the sites of the autochthonous cases and/or to areas of reported sand fly detection in states adjacent to Bavaria. At 155 locations in 7 sampling regions, CDC light traps were placed during 38 nights in the summers of 2009 and 2010, resulting in 202 trap-nights. All traps were negative for sand flies. The results suggest that Bavaria is not yet endemic for sand flies, but do not exclude the possibility of sporadic cases of autochthonous human or zoonotic Leishmania infections. This study, which combined methodological approaches from different disciplines, will serve as reference for future surveys and risk analyses of sand flies and leishmaniasis in so far non-endemic areas in Central Europe.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: BAYCEER119564
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Chair Biogeography
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Chair Biogeography > Chair Biogeography - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Carl Beierkuhnlein
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science
Date Deposited: 24 Apr 2015 11:56
Last Modified: 19 May 2015 06:23
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/11401