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Intraspecific variation buffers projected climate change impacts on Pinus contorta

Title data

Oney, Brian ; Reineking, Björn ; O'Neill, G. A. ; Kreyling, Jürgen:
Intraspecific variation buffers projected climate change impacts on Pinus contorta.
In: Ecology and Evolution. Vol. 3 (2013) Issue 2 . - pp. 437-449.
ISSN 2045-7758
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.426

Abstract in another language

Species distribution modeling (SDM) is an important tool to assess the impact of global environmental change. Many species exhibit ecologically relevant intraspecic variation, and few studies have analyzed its relevance for SDM.  Here, we compared three SDM techniques for the highly variable species Pinus contorta. First, applying a conventional SDM approach, we used MaxEnt to model the subject as a single species (species model), based on presence absence observations. Second, we used MaxEnt to model each of the three most prevalent subspecies independently and combined their projected distributions (subspecies model). Finally, we used a universal growth transfer function (UTF), an approach to incorporate intraspecic variation utilizing provenance trial tree growth data. Dierent model approaches performed similarly when predicting current distributions. MaxEnt model discrimination was greater (AUC { species model: 0.94, subspecies model: 0.95, UTF: 0.89), but the UTF was better calibrated (slope and bias { species model: 1.31 and -0.58, subspecies model: 1.44 and -0.43, UTF: 1.01 and 0.04, respectively). Contrastingly, for future climatic conditions, projections of lodgepole pine habitat suitability diverged. In particular, when the species' intraspecic variability was acknowledged, the species was projected to better tolerate climatic change as related to suitable habitat without migration (subspecies model: 26% habitat loss or UTF: 24% habitat loss vs. species model: 60% habitat loss), and given unlimited migration may increase amount of suitable habitat (subspecies model: 8% habitat gain or UTF: 12% habitat gain vs. species model: 51% habitat loss) in the climatic period 2070{2100 (SRES A2 scenario, HADCM3).We conclude that models derived from within-species data produce dierent and better projections, and coincide with ecological theory. Furthermore, we conclude that intraspecic variation may buer against adverse eects of climate change. A key future research challenge lies in assessing the extent to which species can utilize intraspecic variation under rapid environmental change.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: BAYCEER110533
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Chair Biogeography
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Professorship Disturbance Ecology
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Junior Professorship Biogeographical Modelling
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science
Date Deposited: 29 Apr 2015 15:41
Last Modified: 29 Apr 2015 15:41
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/11611