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Geographic origin and past climatic experience influence the response to late spring frost in four common grass species in Central Europe

Title data

Kreyling, Jürgen ; Thiel, Daniel ; Simmnacher, Katrin ; Willner, Evelin ; Jentsch, Anke ; Beierkuhnlein, Carl:
Geographic origin and past climatic experience influence the response to late spring frost in four common grass species in Central Europe.
In: Ecography. Vol. 35 (2012) Issue 3 . - pp. 268-275.
ISSN 1600-0587
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0587.2011.07173.x

Abstract in another language

Late spring frost events can affect vegetation. The response of grassland species, however, is generally unknown. We explore the late-frost sensitivity of four common European grass species and investigate whether these species exhibit local adaptations to late frost on a continental scale and whether past climatic experience influences late frost sensitivity.Ecotypes of Arrhenatherum elatius, Alopecurus pratensis, Festuca pratensis, and Holcus lanatus from Spain, Italy, Bulgaria, Hungary, Sweden, and Germany were exposed to late frost after drought and warming manipulations in the preceding growing season in a common garden experiment.Late frost reduced the productivity of the grasses on average by 20%. Ecotypes differed in their late-frost sensitivity in three of the four species and local adaptations to late frost were identified. Previous exposure to drought and warming caused differences in late-frost sensitivity in some cases.The impact of late frost events may increase in a warmer world due to an earlier onset of growing and no change in timing of late frost events. The history of climatic exposure can alter the performance of plants, possibly through epigenetic mechanisms. Based on the complex response pattern observed, a maximization of genetic diversity is proposed as a promising adaptation strategy against climate change.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: BAYCEER97408
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Chair Biogeography
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Chair Biogeography > Chair Biogeography - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Carl Beierkuhnlein
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Professorship Disturbance Ecology
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science
Date Deposited: 29 Apr 2015 15:42
Last Modified: 29 Apr 2015 15:42
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/11662