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First sex pheromone of the order Strepsiptera: (3R,5R,9R)-3,5,9-Trimethyldodecanal in Stylops melittae KIRBY, 1802

Title data

Tolasch, Till ; Kehl, Siegfried ; Dötterl, Stefan:
First sex pheromone of the order Strepsiptera: (3R,5R,9R)-3,5,9-Trimethyldodecanal in Stylops melittae KIRBY, 1802.
In: Journal of Chemical Ecology. Vol. 38 (2012) Issue 12 . - 1493 -1503.
ISSN 1573-1561
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10886-012-0215-6

Abstract in another language

The twisted-wing parasites (Strepsiptera) are an unusual and small order of insects with about 600 known species. As obligate endoparasitoids, they develop and spend most of their lives living in other insects. Adults show an extreme sexual dimorphism: The free-living males have large eyes, branched antennae, reduced forewings, and well developed hind wings, while the neotenic females of most species lack all external characters that normally define an insect, remain endoparasitic, and only extrude the cephalothorax from the host. Due to the males’ short life span of only a few hours, there must be an efficient means of mate finding. This is believed to be mediated by chemical cues released by virgin females. Here, we report the first identification and synthesis of a female-produced strepsipteran sex pheromone, (3R,5R,9R)-3,5,9-trimethyldodecanal, from Stylops melittae, a species parasitizing andrenid bees. We found this highly EAD-active compound to be present in cephalothoraxes of and released from unmated females, and synthetic samples proved to be extremely attractive when offered in the field during the swarming period of the males. The structural features of this new natural compound may further support the re-establishment of the Strepsiptera as the closest living relatives of the Coleoptera.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: BAYCEER111083
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology > Chair Plant Systematics
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology > Chair Plant Systematics > Chair Plant Systematics - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Sigrid Liede-Schumann
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology > Chair Animal Ecology II - Evolutionary Animal Ecology
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology > Former Professors > Chair Animal Ecology II - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Konrad Dettner
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology > Former Professors
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science
Date Deposited: 29 Apr 2015 15:42
Last Modified: 29 Apr 2015 15:42
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/11679