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Holographic Gratings and Data Storage in Azobenzene-Containing Block Copolymers and Molecular Glasses

Title data

Audorff, Hubert ; Kreger, Klaus ; Walker, Roland ; Haarer, Dietrich ; Kador, Lothar ; Schmidt, Hans-Werner:
Holographic Gratings and Data Storage in Azobenzene-Containing Block Copolymers and Molecular Glasses.
In: Müller, Axel H. E. (Hrsg.): Complex macromolecular systems, Vol. II. - Berlin : Springer , 2010 . - pp. 59-121 . - (Advances in Polymer Science ; 228 )
ISBN 978-3-642-12912-4
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/12_2009_35

Abstract in another language

This review covers synthesis, materials development, and photophysics of azobenzene-containing block copolymers as potential media for reversible volume holographic data storage. For high-density holographic data storage, volume gratings must be inscribed in millimeter-thick samples to achieve efficient angle multiplexing. It is demonstrated that block copolymers with azobenzene side-groups in the minority block develop no detrimental surface relief structures and exhibit superior performance regarding volume gratings, compared to homopolymers and statistical copolymers. Several material concepts for optimizing the refractive index modulation and the stability of volume gratings are presented. Stabilities of more than 2 years were achieved. Most important is the development of polymer blends comprising the azobenzene-containing block copolymer and an optically transparent homopolymer. This enables the preparation of millimeter-thick samples with the required optical density of ∼ 0. 7 at the writing wavelength by conventional injection molding techniques. The inscription of up to 200 holograms at the same lateral position was demonstrated. In addition, more than 1,000 write/erase cycles can be performed. This is the first time that the inscription and erasure of the long-term stable angle-multiplexed volume gratings in a rewritable polymeric medium have been achieved by purely optical means. A second important application for azobenzene-containing materials is the controlled preparation of surface relief structures. It is demonstrated that azobenzene-containing molecular glasses are an ideal class for efficient formation of surface relief gratings (SRGs) with amplitude heights of more than 600 nm. Clear relationships can be established between the chemical structure of the molecules and the behavior of SRG formation. All results are in agreement with the gradient force model by Kumar et al. The surface patterns are stable enough to be transferred to a polymer surface via replica molding.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a book
Refereed: Yes
Institutions of the University: Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Mathematics, Physics und Computer Science
Faculties > Faculty of Mathematics, Physics und Computer Science > Department of Physics
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Chair Macromolecular Chemistry I
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Chair Macromolecular Chemistry I > Chair Macromolecular Chemistry I - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Hans-Werner Schmidt
Profile Fields
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields > Polymer and Colloid Science
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields > Advanced Materials
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Institute of Macromolecular Research - BIMF
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 530 Physics
500 Science > 540 Chemistry
Date Deposited: 26 Jun 2015 07:16
Last Modified: 19 Feb 2016 12:54
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/1235