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Instructional efficiency of tutoring in an outreach gene technology laboratory.

Title data

Scharfenberg, Franz-Josef ; Bogner, Franz X.:
Instructional efficiency of tutoring in an outreach gene technology laboratory.
In: Research in Science Education. Vol. 43 (2013) Issue 3 . - pp. 1267-1288.
ISSN 1573-1898
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11165-012-9309-y

Abstract in another language

Our research objective focused on examining the instructional efficiency of tutoring as a form of instructional change as opposed to a non-tutoring approach in an outreach laboratory. We designed our laboratory based on cognitive load (CL) theory. Altogether, 269 twelfth-graders participated in our day-long module Genetic Fingerprinting. In a quasi-experimental design, the control group (n = 121) followed the non-tutoring approach previously used, while the treatment group (n = 148) followed the newly developed tutoring approach. Each tutor was in charge of two student work groups and recorded the tutoring activities requested by the tutees throughout the day. We measured the students’ invested mental effort (as an index of CL), cognitive achievement (in a pre-post-follow-up design), and the students’ cooperation in their work groups as well as calculated the student instructional involvement (as a motivational variable). Additionally, we examined which aspects of the hands-on phases were of particular relevance to the students’ invested mental effort. Unexpectedly, the combined mental effort and cognitive achievement data indicated that our implemented tutoring approach resulted in a lower instructional efficiency despite the relevance of tutoring for students’ mental effort invested during the experimental phases. Most of the tutor assistance was unnecessarily requested for performing the procedural steps and using the equipment. Our results indicate an assistance dilemma and, consequently, underscore the necessity for effective tutor preparation in outreach laboratories. Link: http://www.springerlink.com/content/m4146w310h561g18/

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: BAYCEER108469
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology > Chair Didactics of Biology
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology > Chair Didactics of Biology > Chair Didactics of Biology - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Franz Xaver Bogner
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science
Date Deposited: 06 May 2015 14:57
Last Modified: 06 May 2015 14:57
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/12936