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Potential Consequences of Climate Warming for Tropical Plant Species in High Mountains of Southern Ethiopia

Title data

Kreyling, Jürgen ; Wana, Desalegn ; Beierkuhnlein, Carl:
Potential Consequences of Climate Warming for Tropical Plant Species in High Mountains of Southern Ethiopia.
In: Diversity and Distributions. Vol. 16 (2010) Issue 4 . - pp. 593-605.
ISSN 1472-4642
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1472-4642.2010.00675.x

Abstract in another language

Aim Species in the tropics respond to global warming by altitudinal distribution shifts. Consequences for biodiversity may be severe, resulting in lowland attrition,range-shift gaps, range contractions and extinction risks. We aim to identify plantgroups (growth forms, families, endemic status) with higher than average risks.Location South Ethiopian highlands.Methods Based on observational data from mainly unexplored and remote mountain regions, we applied a published model to project the consequences ofan upward shift of thermal site conditions on the altitudinal distribution of 475 plant species. Annual average temperature increases of up to 5 C were evaluated.Differences between groups of species were analysed by a permutation procedureand Generalized Linear Models.Results Because of a limited regional species pool, even mild warming is projected to create strong potential risks concerning lowland attrition, i.e. the netloss of species richness because of upward range shifts in the absence of new species arriving. Likewise, many species are expected to face range-shift gaps, i.e. the absence of an overlap between future and current altitudinal ranges alreadyunder mild warming scenarios. Altitudinal contractions and mountain-top extinctions will potentially become important when warming exceeds 3.5 °C. Mean area per species is projected to decline by 55% for the A2 emissions scenario (+4.2 °C until 2100) because of the physical shape of the mountains. Higher thanaverage vulnerability is expected for endemic species as well as for herbs and ferns. Plant families that are especially threatened are identified.Main conclusions Lowland biotic attrition and range-shift gaps as predicted by a simple model driven by shifts of isotherms will result in novel challenges for preserving mountain biodiversity in the inner tropics. Whereas contractions ofoccupied area are expected to threaten endemic and already endangered species in particular, we suggest that conservation priorities can be identified based on simple prognostic models even without precise regional warming scenarios.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: BAYCEER82965
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Chair Biogeography
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Chair Biogeography > Chair Biogeography - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Carl Beierkuhnlein
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2015 06:18
Last Modified: 05 Jun 2015 06:18
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/14673