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Beyond gradual warming : extreme weather events alter flower phenology of European grassland and heath species

Titelangaben

Jentsch, Anke ; Kreyling, Jürgen ; Böttcher-Treschkow, Jegor ; Beierkuhnlein, Carl:
Beyond gradual warming : extreme weather events alter flower phenology of European grassland and heath species.
In: Global Change Biology. Bd. 15 (2009) Heft 4 . - S. 837-849.
ISSN 1365-2486
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2008.01690.x

Abstract

Shifts in the phenology of plant and animal species or in the migratory arrival of birds are seen as “fingerprints” of global warming. However, even if such responses have been documented in large continent-wide datasets of the northern hemisphere, all studies to date correlate the phenological pattern of various taxa with gradual climatic trends. Here we report a previously unobserved phenomenon: severe drought and heavy rain events caused phenological shifts in plants of the same magnitude as one decade of gradual warming. We present data from two vegetation periods in an experimental setting containing the first evidence of shifted phenological response of 10 grassland and heath species to simulated 100-year extreme weather events in Central Europe. Averaged over all species, 32 days of drought significantly advanced the mid-flowering date by 4 days. The flowering length was significantly extended by 4 days. Heavy rainfall (170 mm over 14 days) had no significant effect on the mid flowering date. However, heavy rainfall reduced the flowering length by several days. Observed shifts were species-specific, e.g. drought advanced the mid flowering date for Holcus lanatus by 1.5 days and delayed the mid-flowering date for Calluna vulgaris by 5.7 days, heavy rain advanced mid-flowering date of Lotus corniculatus by 26.6 days and shortened the flowering length of the same species by 36.9 days. Interestingly, the phenological response of individual species was modified by community composition. For example, the mid-flowering date of Calluna vulgaris was delayed after drought by 9.3 days in communities composed of grasses and dwarf shrubs compared to communities composed of dwarf shrubs only. This indicates that responses to extreme events are context-specific. Additionally, the phenological response of experimental communities to extreme weatherevents can be modified by the functional diversity of a stand. Future studies on phenological response patterns related to climate change would profit from explicitly addressing the role of extreme weather events.

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Publikationsform: Artikel in einer Zeitschrift
Begutachteter Beitrag: Ja
Zusätzliche Informationen: BAYCEER55461
Institutionen der Universität: Fakultäten > Fakultät für Biologie, Chemie und Geowissenschaften > Fachgruppe Geowissenschaften > Lehrstuhl Biogeographie
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Biologie, Chemie und Geowissenschaften > Fachgruppe Geowissenschaften > Lehrstuhl Biogeographie > Lehrstuhl Biogeographie - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Carl Beierkuhnlein
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Biologie, Chemie und Geowissenschaften > Fachgruppe Geowissenschaften > Professur Störungsökologie
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Biologie, Chemie und Geowissenschaften > Fachgruppe Geowissenschaften > Professur Störungsökologie > Professur Störungsökologie - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Anke Jentsch
Forschungseinrichtungen > Forschungszentren > Bayreuther Zentrum für Ökologie und Umweltforschung - BayCEER
Fakultäten
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Biologie, Chemie und Geowissenschaften
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Biologie, Chemie und Geowissenschaften > Fachgruppe Geowissenschaften
Forschungseinrichtungen
Forschungseinrichtungen > Forschungszentren
Titel an der UBT entstanden: Ja
Themengebiete aus DDC: 500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik
Eingestellt am: 05 Jun 2015 06:18
Letzte Änderung: 05 Jun 2015 06:18
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/14710