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Inventory, differentiation, and proportional diversity : a consistent terminology for quantifying biodiversity

Title data

Jurasinski, Gerald ; Retzer, Vroni ; Beierkuhnlein, Carl:
Inventory, differentiation, and proportional diversity : a consistent terminology for quantifying biodiversity.
In: Oecologia. Vol. 159 (2009) Issue 1 . - pp. 15-26.
ISSN 1432-1939
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-008-1190-z

Abstract in another language

Almost half a century after Whittaker (Ecol Monogr 30:279–338, 1960) proposed his influentialdiversity concept, it is time for a critical reappraisal. Although the terms alpha, beta and gamma diversity introduced by Whittaker have become general textbookknowledge, the concept suffers from several drawbacks. First, alpha and gamma diversity share the same characteristics and are differentiated only by the scale at which they are applied. However, as scale is relative – depending on the organism(s) or ecosystems investigated – this is not a meaningful ecological criterion. Alpha and gammadiversity can instead be grouped together under the term ‘inventory diversity’. Out of the three levels proposed byWhittaker, beta diversity is the one which receives the mostcontradictory comments regarding its usefulness (‘key concept’ vs. ‘abstruse concept’). Obviously beta diversity means different things to different people. Apart from the large variety of methods used to investigate it, the main reason for this may be different underlying data characteristics. A literature review reveals that the multitude of measures used to assess beta diversity can be sortedinto two conceptually different groups. The first group directly takes species distinction into account and compares the similarity of sites (similarity indices, slope of the distance decay relationship, length of the ordination axis, and sum of squares of a species matrix). The second group relates species richness (or other summary diversity measures) of two (or more) different scales to each other (additive and multiplicative partitioning). Due to thatimportant distinction, we suggest that beta diversity should be split into two levels, ‘differentiation diversity’ (firstgroup) and ‘proportional diversity’ (second group). Thus,we propose to use the terms ‘inventory diversity’ forwithin-sample diversity, ‘differentiation diversity’ forcompositional similarity between samples, and ‘proportional diversity’ for the comparison of inventory diversity across spatial and temporal scales.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: BAYCEER55462
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Chair Biogeography
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Chair Biogeography > Chair Biogeography - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Carl Beierkuhnlein
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2015 06:18
Last Modified: 05 Jun 2015 06:18
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/14711