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Dechloromonas denitrificans sp. nov., Flavobacterium denitrificans sp. nov., Paenibacillus anaericanus sp. nov., and Paenibacillus terrae strain MH72, N2O-producing bacteria isolated from the gut of the earthworm Aporrectodea caliginosa

Title data

Horn, Marcus A. ; Ihssen, Julian ; Matthies, Carola ; Schramm, Andreas ; Acker, Georg ; Drake, Harold L.:
Dechloromonas denitrificans sp. nov., Flavobacterium denitrificans sp. nov., Paenibacillus anaericanus sp. nov., and Paenibacillus terrae strain MH72, N2O-producing bacteria isolated from the gut of the earthworm Aporrectodea caliginosa.
In: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. Vol. 55 (2005) Issue 3 . - pp. 1255-1265.
ISSN 1465-2102
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1099/ijs.0.63484-0

Abstract in another language

Earthworms emit nitrous oxide (N2O) via the activity of bacteria in their gut. Four N2O-producing facultative aerobes, ED1T, ED5T, MH21T, and MH72, were isolated from the gut of the earthworm Aporrectodea caliginosa. The isolates produced N2O under conditions that simulated the microenvironment of the earthworm gut. ED1T and ED5T were Gram-negative motile rods that carried out complete denitrification (i.e., the reduction of nitrate to N2) and contained membranous c-type cytochromes. ED1T grew optimally at 30 °C and pH 7. ED1T oxidized organic acids and reduced (per)chlorate, sulfate, nitrate, and nitrite. The closest phylogenetic relative of ED1T was Dechloromonas agitata. ED5T grew optimally at 25 °C and pH 7. ED5T grew mainly on sugars, and nitrate and nitrite were used as alternative electron acceptors. The closest phylogenetic relatives of ED5T were Flavobacterium johnsoniae and Flavobacterium flevense. MH21T and MH72 were motile, spore-forming, rod-shaped bacteria with a three layered cell wall. Sugars supported the growth of MH21T and MH72. Cells of MH21T grew in chains, were linked by connecting filaments, and contained membraneous b-type cytochromes. MH21T grew optimally at 30-35 °C and pH 7.7, grew by fermentation, and reduced low amounts of nitrite to N2O. The closest phylogenetic relatives of MH21T were Paenibacillus borealis and Paenibacillus chibensis. Based on morphological, physiological, and phylogenetic characteristics, ED1T, ED5T, and MH21T are proposed as the new species, Dechloromonas denitrificans sp. nov., Flavobacterium denitrificans sp. nov., and Paenibacillus anaericanus sp. nov., respectively. MH72 is considered a new strain of Paenibacillus terrae

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: BAYCEER27619
Institutions of the University: Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology > Chair Ecological Microbiology
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science
Date Deposited: 29 Jul 2015 05:53
Last Modified: 26 Feb 2016 09:43
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/17417