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Structural Analysis of Proteinaceous Components in Byssal Threads of the Mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis

Title data

Hagenau, Anja ; Scheidt, Holger A. ; Serpell, Louise ; Huster, Daniel ; Scheibel, Thomas:
Structural Analysis of Proteinaceous Components in Byssal Threads of the Mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis.
In: Macromolecular Bioscience. Vol. 9 (2009) Issue 2 . - pp. 162-168.
ISSN 1616-5187
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/mabi.200800271

Abstract in another language

The mussel byssus is a unique holdfast structure employed by marine mussels to colonize diverse substrates. The byssus consists of extracellular threads with mainly proteinaceous components. Individual threads reveal high tensile strength at their distal end and high elasticity in their proximal portion. Our studies show that proteins of the distal part are oriented along the thread axis and are well-ordered with a high β-structural content. In contrast, proteins of the proximal part are less ordered and are not as well-oriented with primarily α-helical structure. The detected differences in the structural features of the proteins along a byssus thread are likely an important basis for its gradual mechanical properties.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: collagen; fiber; proteins; protein structure; solid-state NMR
Institutions of the University: Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science > Chair Biomaterials
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science > Chair Biomaterials > Chair Biomaterials - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Thomas Scheibel
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields > Advanced Materials
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields > Molecular Biosciences
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields > Polymer and Colloid Science
Profile Fields > Emerging Fields > Food and Health Sciences
Profile Fields
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields
Profile Fields > Emerging Fields
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences
600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 620 Engineering
Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2015 12:32
Last Modified: 26 Nov 2015 10:51
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/19495