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Structural Analysis of Spider Silk Films


Slotta, Ute ; Tammer, Michael ; Kremer, Friedrich ; Koelsch, Patrick ; Scheibel, Thomas:
Structural Analysis of Spider Silk Films.
In: Supramolecular Chemistry. Bd. 18 (2006) Heft 5 . - S. 465-471.
ISSN 1061-0278
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/10610270600832042


Due to their outstanding mechanical properties, spider silks have fascinated men for a long time. Silk is composed of proteins which can not only be processed into fibers, as found in nature, but also be cast to form films in vitro. Starting with a protein solution in hexafluoroisopropanol, we were able to cast films with different properties deviated from the two spider silk proteins employed. All as-cast films revealed an α-helixrich structure and were water soluble. However, the secondary structure of One-protein films (silk films cast from one spider silk protein) could be converted from an α-helical rich to a β-sheet rich secondary structure by post-cast treatment with methanol or potassium phosphate. The structural conversion was accompanied by a higher stability as seen by water-insolubility. Depending on the employed proteins, silk films were stable in protein denaturants such as urea and guanidinium hydrochloride. Strikingly, Two-protein films (silk films cast from a mixture of both spider silk proteins) showed properties derived from both proteins, indicating that the process of film casting based on silk proteins is closely related to film casting of traditional chemical polymers. Our results reveal novel possibilities to generate protein films for applications that demand stable biocompatible polymer films.

Weitere Angaben

Publikationsform: Artikel in einer Zeitschrift
Begutachteter Beitrag: Ja
Keywords: Araneus diadematus; Silk films; FTIR spectroscopy;
Institutionen der Universität: Fakultäten
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Ingenieurwissenschaften
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Ingenieurwissenschaften > Lehrstuhl Biomaterialien
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Ingenieurwissenschaften > Lehrstuhl Biomaterialien > Lehrstuhl Biomaterialien - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Thomas Scheibel
Profilfelder > Advanced Fields > Neue Materialien
Profilfelder > Advanced Fields > Molekulare Biowissenschaften
Profilfelder > Advanced Fields > Polymer- und Kolloidforschung
Profilfelder > Emerging Fields > Lebensmittel- und Gesundheitswissenschaften
Profilfelder > Advanced Fields
Profilfelder > Emerging Fields
Titel an der UBT entstanden: Ja
Themengebiete aus DDC: 600 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften
600 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften > 620 Ingenieurwissenschaften
Eingestellt am: 25 Sep 2015 05:39
Letzte Änderung: 20 Mai 2016 06:51
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/19547