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The earthworm gut : an ideal habitat for ingested N2O-producing microorganisms

Title data

Horn, Marcus A. ; Schramm, Andreas ; Drake, Harold L.:
The earthworm gut : an ideal habitat for ingested N2O-producing microorganisms.
In: Applied and Environmental Microbiology. Vol. 69 (2003) Issue 3 . - pp. 1662-1669.
ISSN 1098-5336
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1128/AEM.69.3.1662-1669.2003

Abstract in another language

The in vivo production of nitrous oxide (N2O) by earthworms is due to their gut microbiota, and it is hypothesized that the microenvironment of the gut activates ingested N2O-producing soil bacteria. In situ measurement of N2O and O2 with microsensors demonstrated that the earthworm gut is anoxic and the site of N2O production. The gut had a pH of 6.9 and an average water content of approximately 50%. The water content within the gut decreased anterior to posterior. In contrast, the concentration of N2O increased from the anterior to the mid-gut region and then decreased along the posterior part of the gut. Compared to the soil in which worms lived and fed, the gut of the earthworm was highly enriched in total carbon, organic carbon, and total nitrogen, and had a C/N ratio of 7 (compared to 12 in soil). The aqueous phase of gut contents contained up to 80 mM glucose and numerous compounds indicative of anaerobic metabolism, including up to 9 mM formate, 8 mM acetate, 3 mM lactate, and 2 mM succinate. Compared to soil, nitrite and ammonium were enriched in the gut up to 10- and 100-fold, respectively. The production of N2O by soil was induced when the gut environment was simulated in anoxic microcosms for 24 h (the approximate passage time of soil through the earthworm). Anoxia, high osmolarity, nitrite, and nitrate were the dominant factors that stimulated the production of N2O. Supplemental organic carbon had a very minimal stimulatory effect on the production of N2O, and the addition of buffer or ammonium had essentially no effect on initial N2O-production rates. However, a combination of supplements yielded rates in excess of that obtained mathematically with single supplements, suggesting that the maximum rates observed were due to synergistic effects of supplements. Collectively, these results (i) indicate that the special microenvironment of the earthworm gut is ideally suited for N2O-producing bacteria and (ii) support the hypothesis that the in situ conditions of the earthworm gut activate ingested N2O-producing soil bacteria during gut passage.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: BAYCEER14120
Institutions of the University: Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology > Chair Ecological Microbiology
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science
Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2015 09:38
Last Modified: 24 Sep 2015 09:38
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/19572