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Sporomusa silvacetica sp. nov., an acetogenic bacterium isolated from aggregated forest soil

Title data

Kuhner, Carla H. ; Grießhammer, Anja ; Drake, Harold L. ; Frank, Claudia ; Schmittroth, Martina ; Acker, Georg ; Gößner, Anita S.:
Sporomusa silvacetica sp. nov., an acetogenic bacterium isolated from aggregated forest soil.
In: International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology. Vol. 47 (1997) Issue 2 . - pp. 352-358.
ISSN 1465-2102
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1099/00207713-47-2-352

Abstract in another language

Sporomusa silvacetica sp. nov. strain DSM 10669T (T = type strain) was isolated from well-drained, aggregated forest soil (pH 6.0) in east-central Germany. Cells were obligately anaerobic, slightly curved rods, and motile with laterally-inserted flagella on the concave side of the cell. Typical cells were approximately 3.5 x 0.7 µm. Cells stained weakly Gram-positive, but thin sections displayed a complex multilayered cell wall. Spores were spherical and distended the sporangium. Growth and substrate utilization occurred with ferulate, vanillate, fructose, betaine, fumarate, 2,3-butanediol, pyruvate, lactate, glycerol, ethanol, methanol, formate, and H2-CO2. With most substrates, acetate was the primary reduced end-product and was produced in stoichiometries indicative of an acetyl-CoA pathway-dependent metabolism. Fumarate was dismutated to succinate and acetate. Methoxyl and acrylate groups of various aromatic compounds were O-demethylated and reduced, respectively. Yeast extract was not required for growth. Cells grew optimally at approximately 30 & degC and pH 6.8; under these conditions and with fructose as substrate, the doubling time approximated 14 h. The lowest temperature supporting growth was between 5-10°C. Carbon monoxide dehydrogenase and hydrogenase activities approximated 9 and 102 µmol min-1 mg-1 protein, respectively. A b-type cytochrome was detected in the membrane. The G+C content was approximately 43 mol %. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rDNA indicated that DG-1 was most closely related to members of the genus Sporomusa within the Clostridium subphylum of the Gram-positive bacteria.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: BAYCEER6889
Institutions of the University: Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology > Chair Ecological Microbiology
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science
Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2015 05:56
Last Modified: 23 Mar 2016 09:57
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/19988