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Acetogenic capacities and the anearobic turnover of carbon in a Kansas prairie soil

Title data

Wagner, Christine ; Grießhammer, Anja ; Drake, Harold L.:
Acetogenic capacities and the anearobic turnover of carbon in a Kansas prairie soil.
In: Applied and Environmental Microbiology. Vol. 62 (1996) Issue 2 . - pp. 494-500.
ISSN 1098-5336

Abstract in another language

To assess the anaerobic capacities of a temperate grassland soil, a Kansas prairie soil was incubated anaerobically as either soil:water (1:2) suspensions or as soil microcosms at 78% soil water holding capacity. Prairie soil formed acetate and CO2 as the two main initial carbonaceous products from the anaerobic turnover of endogenous organic matter. Metabolic capacities of soil suspensions and microcosms were similar. Rates of acetate formation from endogenous organic matter in soil:water suspensions incubated at 40°C, 30°C, and 15°C approximated 3.3, 2.4 and 1.1 & microg acetate per g dry weight soil per hour, respectively. Supplemental H2 and CO2 were subject to consumption with the apparent concomitant synthesis of acetate in both soil suspensions and soil microcosms. In soil microcosms, rates of H2-dependent acetogenesis at 30°C and 55°C were nearly equivalent. The uptake of supplemental H2 was not coupled to methanogenesis under any condition examined. These anaerobic activities were relatively stable when soils were subjected to either aerobic drying or alternating periods of O2 enrichment. Based on the formation of nitrogen (N2), denitrification was engaged during anaerobic incubation periods; nitrous oxide (N2O) was also formed under certain conditions. Although extended incubation of soil induced the delayed methanogenic turnover of acetate, acetate was subject to immediate turnover under either O2- or nitrate-enriched conditions. These studies support the concept (i) that obligately anaerobic bacteria such as acetogenic bacteria are stable to periods of aerobiosis and are active in the anaerobic microsites of oxic soils, and (ii) that acetate synthesized in anaerobic microsites of oxic terrestrial soils constitutes a trophic link to both aerobic and anaerobic microbial communities.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: BAYCEER6935
Institutions of the University: Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology > Chair Ecological Microbiology
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science
Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2015 05:56
Last Modified: 30 Sep 2015 05:56
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/20013