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The elaborate structure of spider silk : Structure and function of a natural high performance fiber

Titelangaben

Römer, Lin ; Scheibel, Thomas:
The elaborate structure of spider silk : Structure and function of a natural high performance fiber.
In: Prion. Bd. 2 (Oktober 2008) Heft 4 . - S. 154-161.
ISSN 1933-690X

Volltext

Link zum Volltext (externe URL): Volltext

Abstract

Biomaterials, having evolved over millions of years, often exceed man-made materials in their properties. Spider silk is one outstanding fibrous biomaterial which consists almost entirely of large proteins. Silk fibers have tensile strengths comparable to steel and some silks are nearly as elastic as rubber on a weight to weight basis. In combining these two properties, silks reveal a toughness that is two to three times that of synthetic fibers like Nylon or Kevlar. Spider silk is also antimicrobial, hypoallergenic and completely biodegradable.
This article focuses on the structure-function relationship of the characterized highly repetitive spider silk spidroins and their conformational conversion from solution into fibers. Such knowedge is of crucial importance to understanding the intrinsic properties of spider silk and to get insight into the sophisticated assembly processes of silk proteins. This review further outlines recent progress in recombinant production of spider silk proteins and their assembly into distinct polymer materials as a basis for novel products.

Weitere Angaben

Publikationsform: Artikel in einer Zeitschrift
Begutachteter Beitrag: Ja
Keywords: biomimetics; biotechnology; protein folding; protein assembly; spinning
Institutionen der Universität: Fakultäten
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Ingenieurwissenschaften
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Ingenieurwissenschaften > Lehrstuhl Biomaterialien
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Ingenieurwissenschaften > Lehrstuhl Biomaterialien > Lehrstuhl Biomaterialien - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Thomas Scheibel
Profilfelder > Advanced Fields > Neue Materialien
Profilfelder > Advanced Fields > Molekulare Biowissenschaften
Profilfelder > Advanced Fields > Polymer- und Kolloidforschung
Profilfelder > Emerging Fields > Lebensmittel- und Gesundheitswissenschaften
Profilfelder
Profilfelder > Advanced Fields
Profilfelder > Emerging Fields
Titel an der UBT entstanden: Ja
Themengebiete aus DDC: 600 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften
600 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften > 620 Ingenieurwissenschaften
Eingestellt am: 13 Okt 2015 08:13
Letzte Änderung: 26 Nov 2015 10:51
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/20196