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Mammalian versus yeast prions : biophysical insights in structure and assembly mechanisms


Vendrely, Charlotte ; Scheibel, Thomas:
Mammalian versus yeast prions : biophysical insights in structure and assembly mechanisms.
In: Doupher, Bridgette V. (Hrsg.): Prions : New Research. - New York : Nova Science Publishers , 2006 . - S. 251-284
ISBN 1-60021-019-8


Recently, an increasing number of studies have been focused on elucidating the secrets of prion proteins from mammals and yeasts. The most frequently asked question raised by
prion proteins concerns the mechanism of their conformational conversion starting from a soluble protein state into distinct supramolecular entities. So far it appears that soluble prion proteins originating from different organisms show different cellular localizations
and functions. However, certain common structural characteristics can be found, such as one intrinsically unstructured region. Such intrinsically unstructured region could explain the propensity of a soluble protein to assemble into supramolecular structures upon external triggers without complete denaturation of the involved protein. Based on conformational conversion studies, several assembly models have been developed. Since all of the assembly modes depend on the starting and the final structures of the underlying proteins, structural properties of both states have been investigated. While for
most of the proteins good structural data of the soluble form exist, little is known about the assembled structures. Several methods including X-Ray diffraction and microscopy
techniques have given certain insights into the structure of assembled prion proteins.
However, further work is necessary to resolve all of the structural features of prion proteins. In this review, we summarize work on both mammalian and yeast prion Proteins concerning their soluble structure, their assembly mechanisms, analysis of fibril stability and fibril structure.

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Publikationsform: Aufsatz in einem Buch
Begutachteter Beitrag: Ja
Keywords: Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies; structure; amyloid; fibrils; aggregates; assembly
Institutionen der Universität: Fakultäten
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Ingenieurwissenschaften
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Ingenieurwissenschaften > Lehrstuhl Biomaterialien
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Ingenieurwissenschaften > Lehrstuhl Biomaterialien > Lehrstuhl Biomaterialien - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Thomas Scheibel
Profilfelder > Advanced Fields > Neue Materialien
Profilfelder > Advanced Fields > Molekulare Biowissenschaften
Profilfelder > Advanced Fields > Polymer- und Kolloidforschung
Profilfelder > Emerging Fields > Lebensmittel- und Gesundheitswissenschaften
Profilfelder > Advanced Fields
Profilfelder > Emerging Fields
Titel an der UBT entstanden: Ja
Themengebiete aus DDC: 600 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften
600 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften > 620 Ingenieurwissenschaften
Eingestellt am: 13 Okt 2015 10:01
Letzte Änderung: 26 Nov 2015 10:51
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/20327