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The distribution of ascus types and photobiontal selection in Lecanoromyces (Ascomycota) against the background of a revised SSU nrDNA phylogeny

Title data

Peršoh, Derek ; Beck, Andreas ; Rambold, Gerhard:
The distribution of ascus types and photobiontal selection in Lecanoromyces (Ascomycota) against the background of a revised SSU nrDNA phylogeny.
In: Mycological Progress. Vol. 3 (2004) Issue 2 . - pp. 103-121.
ISSN 1861-8952
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11557-006-0081-0

Official URL: Volltext

Abstract in another language

Within the last decade, molecular methods have revealed the relationships in many groups of lichenized Ascomycetes. However, the published phylogenies were often contradictory with respect to higher taxonomic levels. To achieve a more convincing overall picture of phylogenetic relationships of and within the Lecanoromycetes, we set up an alignment of all publicly available SSU nrDNA sequences of the Pezizomycotina, discarded those of insufficient quality, and added 21newly obtained sequences representing groups that were not or under-represented so far. The alignment of 635 taxa and a subset of 166 Lecanoromycetes were analysed with different phylogenetic algorithms. The best phylogenetic trees, with respect to length, resolution, and support, were obtained with the Parsimony Ratchet method and DNAPARS (Phylip). Accordingto these results, the Lecanoromycetes were subdivided into eight monophyletic clades representing the followingorders: Acarosporales ad. int., Agyriales, Baeomycetales, Gyalectales, Icmadophilales ad. int., Lecanorales, Ostropales, and Pertusariales. These clades are distributed in two monophyletic groups corresponding to the two different types of ascomatalontogeny. The taxa of the Lecanorales-clade differ from the other orders by the absence of a primary cyanobiontand of phycobionts of the genera Coccomyxa and Trentepohlia, in combination with the presence of an amyloid reaction of the ascus tips (lacking amyloid flanks). The Lecanorales-clade is subdivided into nine groups which are treated here at the level of suborders: Lecideineae, Teloschistineae, Physciineae, Bacidiineae ad int., Sphaerophorineae ad int., Rhizocarpineaead int., Psorineae ad int., Cladoniineae, and Lecanorineae. The amyloid reaction pattern of the ascus apex correlates with this grouping at suborder rank. Peltigerales were excluded from the Lecanorales but included in the Lecanoromycetes based on morpho-anatomical features. The Lichinales were excluded from the Lecanoromycetes, while the position of theUmbilicariaceae remains unclear.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: BAYCEER31384
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology > Professorship Mycology
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology > Professorship Mycology > Professorship Mycology - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Gerhard Rambold
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science
Date Deposited: 22 Oct 2015 07:28
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2015 07:28
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/20632