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Formate-derived H2, a driver of hydrogenotrophic processes in the root-zone of a methane-emitting fen

Title data

Hunger, Sindy ; Schmidt, Oliver G. ; Gößner, Anita S. ; Drake, Harold L.:
Formate-derived H2, a driver of hydrogenotrophic processes in the root-zone of a methane-emitting fen.
In: Environmental Microbiology. Vol. 18 (2016) Issue 9 . - pp. 3106-3119.
ISSN 1462-2920
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/1462-2920.13301

Official URL: Volltext

Abstract in another language

Wetlands are important sources of globally-emitted methane. Plants mediate much of that emission by releasing root-derived organic carbon, including formate, a direct precursor of methane. Thus, the objective of this study was to resolve formate-driven processes potentially linked to methanogenesis in the fen root-zone. Although formate was anticipated to directly trigger methanogenesis, the rapid anaerobic consumption of formate by Carex roots unexpectedly yielded H2 and CO2 via enzymes such as formate-H2-lyase (FHL), and likewise appeared to enhance the utilization of organic carbon. Collectively, 57 [FeFe]- and [NiFe]-hydrogenase-containing family-level phylotypes potentially linked to FHL activity were detected. Under anoxic conditions, root-derived fermentative Citrobacter and Hafnia isolates produced H2 from formate via FHL. Formate-derived H2 fueled methanogenesis and acetogenesis, and methanogenic (Methanoregula, Methanobacterium, Methanocella) and acetogenic (Acetonema, Clostridum, Sporomusa) genera potentially linked to these hydrogenotrophic activities were identified. The findings (a) provide novel insights on highly diverse root-associated FHL-containing taxa that can augment secondary hydrogenotrophic processes via the production of formate-derived H2, (b) demonstrate that formate can have a ‘priming’ effect on the utilization of organic carbon, and (c) raise questions regarding the fate of formate-derived H2 when it diffuses away from the root-zone.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Additional notes: BAYCEER135101
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology > Chair Ecological Microbiology
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology > Chair Ecological Microbiology > Chair Ecological Microbiology - Univ.-Prof. Harold L. Drake, Ph.D.
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science
Date Deposited: 11 Aug 2016 09:05
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2016 08:01
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/33892