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Formation of transient dimers by a retroviral protease

Title data

Hartl, Maximilian J. ; Schweimer, Kristian ; Reger, Martin ; Schwarzinger, Stephan ; Bodem, Jochen ; Rösch, Paul ; Wöhrl, Birgitta M.:
Formation of transient dimers by a retroviral protease.
In: Biochemical Journal. Vol. 427 (April 2010) . - pp. 197-203.
ISSN 0006-2936
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1042/BJ20091451

Official URL: Volltext

Abstract in another language

Retroviral proteases have been shown previously to be only active as homodimers. They are essential to form the separate and active proteins from the viral precursors. Spumaretroviruses produce separate precursors for Gag and Pol, rather than a Gag and a Gag-Pol precursor. Nevertheless, processing of Pol into a PR (protease)-RT (reverse transcriptase) and integrase is essential in order to obtain infectious viral particles. We showed recently that the PR-RT from a simian foamy virus, as well as the separate PRshort (protease) domain, exhibit proteolytic activities, although only monomeric forms could be detected. In the present study, we demonstrate that PRshort and PR-RT can be inhibited by the putative dimerization inhibitor cholic acid. Various other inhibitors, including darunavir and tipranavir, known to prevent HIV-1 PR dimerization in cells, had no effect on foamy virus protease in vitro. 1H-15N HSQC (heteronuclear single quantum coherence) NMR analysis of PRshort indicates that cholic acid binds in the proposed PRshort dimerization interface and appears to impair formation of the correct dimer. NMR analysis by paramagnetic relaxation enhancement resulted in elevated transverse relaxation rates of those amino acids predicted to participate in dimer formation. Our results suggest transient PRshort homodimers are formed under native conditions but are only present as a minor transient species, which is not detectable by traditional methods.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Institutions of the University: Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Chair Biopolymers
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Former Professors > Chair Biopolymers - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Paul Rösch
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Former Professors
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Chemistry > Chair Biopolymers > Lehrstuhl Biopolymere - Apl. Prof. Dr. Birgitta Wöhrl
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science
500 Science > 500 Natural sciences
500 Science > 540 Chemistry
500 Science > 570 Life sciences, biology
Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2014 14:53
Last Modified: 15 May 2019 08:32
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/5326