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Formation of transient dimers by a retroviral protease

Titelangaben

Hartl, Maximilian J. ; Schweimer, Kristian ; Reger, Martin ; Schwarzinger, Stephan ; Bodem, Jochen ; Rösch, Paul ; Wöhrl, Birgitta M.:
Formation of transient dimers by a retroviral protease.
In: Biochemical Journal. Bd. 427 (April 2010) . - S. 197-203.
ISSN 0006-2936
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1042/BJ20091451

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Abstract

Retroviral proteases have been shown previously to be only active as homodimers. They are essential to form the separate and active proteins from the viral precursors. Spumaretroviruses produce separate precursors for Gag and Pol, rather than a Gag and a Gag-Pol precursor. Nevertheless, processing of Pol into a PR (protease)-RT (reverse transcriptase) and integrase is essential in order to obtain infectious viral particles. We showed recently that the PR-RT from a simian foamy virus, as well as the separate PRshort (protease) domain, exhibit proteolytic activities, although only monomeric forms could be detected. In the present study, we demonstrate that PRshort and PR-RT can be inhibited by the putative dimerization inhibitor cholic acid. Various other inhibitors, including darunavir and tipranavir, known to prevent HIV-1 PR dimerization in cells, had no effect on foamy virus protease in vitro. 1H-15N HSQC (heteronuclear single quantum coherence) NMR analysis of PRshort indicates that cholic acid binds in the proposed PRshort dimerization interface and appears to impair formation of the correct dimer. NMR analysis by paramagnetic relaxation enhancement resulted in elevated transverse relaxation rates of those amino acids predicted to participate in dimer formation. Our results suggest transient PRshort homodimers are formed under native conditions but are only present as a minor transient species, which is not detectable by traditional methods.

Weitere Angaben

Publikationsform: Artikel in einer Zeitschrift
Begutachteter Beitrag: Ja
Institutionen der Universität: Fakultäten
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Biologie, Chemie und Geowissenschaften
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Biologie, Chemie und Geowissenschaften > Fachgruppe Chemie
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Biologie, Chemie und Geowissenschaften > Fachgruppe Chemie > Lehrstuhl Biopolymere
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Biologie, Chemie und Geowissenschaften > Fachgruppe Chemie > Ehemalige Professoren > Lehrstuhl Biopolymere - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Paul Rösch
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Biologie, Chemie und Geowissenschaften > Fachgruppe Chemie > Ehemalige Professoren
Titel an der UBT entstanden: Ja
Themengebiete aus DDC: 500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik
500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik > 500 Naturwissenschaften
500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik > 540 Chemie
500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik > 570 Biowissenschaften; Biologie
Eingestellt am: 19 Dec 2014 14:53
Letzte Änderung: 04 Feb 2015 07:30
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/5326