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Fiddler on the tree : a bush-cricket species with unusual stridulatory organs and song

Title data

Heller, Klaus-Gerhard ; Hemp, Claudia:
Fiddler on the tree : a bush-cricket species with unusual stridulatory organs and song.
In: PLoS One. Vol. 9 (2014) Issue 3 . - Art.Nr. e92366.
ISSN 1932-6203
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0092366

Abstract in another language

Insects of the order Orthoptera are well-known for their acoustic communication. The structures used for this purpose show a high diversity which obviously relates to differences in song parameters and to the physics of sound production. Here we describe song and morphology of the sound producing organs of a tropical bush-cricket, Ectomoptera nepicauda, from East Africa. It has a very unusual calling song consisting of frequency-modulated, pure-tone sounds in the high ultrasonic range of 80 to120 kHz and produced by extremely fast wing movements. Concerning morphology, it represents the most extreme state in the degree of left-right fore-wing differentiation found among Orthoptera: the acoustic parts of the left fore-wing consist exclusively of the stridulatory file, comparable in function to the bow of a violin, while the right wing carries only the plectrum ( = string) and mirror ( = soundbox).

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Institutions of the University: Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center of Ecology and Environmental Research- BayCEER
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology > Chair Animal Ecology II - Evolutionary Animal Ecology
Result of work at the UBT: No
DDC Subjects: 500 Science
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2020 12:15
Last Modified: 23 Jan 2020 12:15
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/54045