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Tailoring Epoxy Resin Foams by Pre-Curing with Neat Amine Hardeners and Its Derived Carbamates

Title data

Bethke, Christian ; Goller, Sebastian Manfred ; Ngoc, Uy Lan Du ; Kaysser, Simon Tino ; Altstädt, Volker ; Ruckdäschel, Holger:
Tailoring Epoxy Resin Foams by Pre-Curing with Neat Amine Hardeners and Its Derived Carbamates.
In: Polymers. Vol. 13 (20 April 2021) Issue 8 . - p. 1348.
ISSN 2073-4360
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13081348

Abstract in another language

The use of amine-based carbamates with their dual function, acting as amine curing agents and CO2 blowing agents after their decomposition without by-products, are promising for ecofriendly epoxy foams as high-performance materials. However, controlling cell morphology requires a proper adjustment of the viscosity at the foaming step. The viscosity is altered not only by blending neat amine and its derived carbamate at a fixed pre-curing time, but also by changing the pre-curing time at a fixed blend ratio. Within this study, diglycidylether of bisphenol A (DGEBA) epoxy resin is mixed with different blend ratios of isophorone diamine (IPDA) and its derived carbamate (B-IPDA). The systems are characterized by DSC and rheology experiments to identify the pre-curing effects on the derived epoxy foams. Epoxy foams at a blend ratio of 30/70w IPDA/B-IPDA showed the best foam morphology and an optimum Tg compared to other blend ratios. Furthermore, it was found that both pre-curing times, 2 h and 3 h, for the 30/70w IPDA/B-IPDA system reveal a more homogeneous cell structure. The study proves that the blending of neat amine and carbamate is beneficial for the foaming performance of carbamate systems.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: epoxy foam; thermoset foam; carbamate; pre-curing; batch foaming; rheology; DSC
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science > Former Professors
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science > Chair Polymer Materials
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science > Former Professors > Chair Polymer Materials - Univ.-Prof. Dr.-Ing. Volker Altstädt
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science > Chair Polymer Materials > Chair Polymer Materials - Univ.-Prof. Dr.-Ing. Holger Ruckdäschel
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Institute of Macromolecular Research - BIMF
Research Institutions > Affiliated Institutes
Research Institutions > Affiliated Institutes > Bavarian Polymer Institute (BPI)
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 620 Engineering
Date Deposited: 18 May 2021 12:06
Last Modified: 18 May 2021 12:17
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/65246