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Regulatory Aspects of Plants resulting from New Genomic Techniques in the EU

Title data

Molitorisová, Alexandra ; Purnhagen, Kai ; Rostoks, Nils ; Eriksson, Dennis ; Wasmer, Martin:
Regulatory Aspects of Plants resulting from New Genomic Techniques in the EU.
In: Abd-Elsalam, Kamel ; Ahmad, Aftab (ed.): Global Regulatory Outlook for CRISPRized Plants. - Amsterdam : Elsevier , 2022

Project information

Project title:
Project's official titleProject's id
Innovate Food LawPU424/2-1
Innovate Food LawFP00535
Improving adaptability and resilience of perennial ryegrass for safe and sustainable food systems through CRISPR-Cas9 technology - EditGrass4FoodEEZ/BPP/VIAA/2021/4
COST Action PlantEdCA18111

Project financing: AM and KP are supported by Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG), grant agreement PU424/2-1 and by the Oberfrankenstiftung, grant agreement No. FP00535. NR was partially supported by the Baltic Research Program project EEZ/BPP/VIAA/2021/4 “Improving adaptability and resilience of perennial ryegrass for safe and sustainable food systems through CRISPR-Cas9 technology - EditGrass4Food”. NR, DE and KPP are partially supported by the COST Action PlantEd (CA18111).

Abstract in another language

Nobel prize-winning CRISPR/Cas gene editing technology will strengthen plant breeding in terms of efficiency and precision. The technology is based on precise site-directed alterations in plant genomes with the possibility of off-target changes greatly reduced compared to the conventionally used randomly induced mutagenesis. In the EU, the Court of Justice of the European Union adopted the reasoning that organisms obtained by novel mutagenesis techniques share a comparable risk profile as those obtained by transgenesis. Hence, EU GMO law applies to the same extent. However, it has not yet been clarified by binding legal interpretation if the EU GMO law applies to all products of new genomic techniques (NGTs), such as gene editing. Here we describe in detail the GMO regulatory system in the EU, as well as the recent developments regarding different NGT. Finally, we examine the potential solutions for the regulatory conundrum and potential impact of EU regulation on commercial development of gene-edited organisms in the EU.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a book
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: genetically modified organisms; gene edited organisms; CRISPR/Cas9; site-directed nucleases; SDN; biosafety regulation
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Law, Business and Economics
Faculties > Faculty of Law, Business and Economics > Department of Law
Faculties > Faculty of Life Sciences: Food, Nutrition and Health > Chair Food Law > Chair Food Law - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Kai Purnhagen
Profile Fields > Emerging Fields > Innovation and Consumer Protection
Profile Fields > Emerging Fields > Food and Health Sciences
Research Institutions > Research Units > Forschungsstelle für Deutsches und Europäisches Lebensmittelrecht
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 300 Social sciences > 340 Law
Date Deposited: 28 Jun 2022 07:13
Last Modified: 28 Jun 2022 07:13
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/70205