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Cleavage of cohesin rings coordinates the separation of centrioles and chromatids

Title data

Schöckel, Laura ; Möckel, Martin ; Mayer, Bernd ; Boos, Dominik ; Stemmann, Olaf:
Cleavage of cohesin rings coordinates the separation of centrioles and chromatids.
In: Nature Cell Biology. Vol. 13 (10 July 2011) . - pp. 966-972.
ISSN 1476-4679
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/ncb2280

Official URL: Volltext

Abstract in another language

Cohesin pairs sister chromatids by forming a tripartite Scc1-Smc1-Smc3 ring around them. In mitosis, cohesin is removed from chromosome arms by the phosphorylation-dependent prophase pathway. Centromeric cohesin is protected by shugoshin 1 and protein phosphatase 2A (Sgo1-PP2A) and opened only in anaphase by separase-dependent cleavage of Scc1 (refs 4-6). Following chromosome segregation, centrioles loosen their tight orthogonal arrangement, which licenses later centrosome duplication in S phase. Although a role of separase in centriole disengagement has been reported, the molecular details of this process remain enigmatic. Here, we identify cohesin as a centriole-engagement factor. Both premature sister-chromatid separation and centriole disengagement are induced by ectopic activation of separase or depletion of Sgo1. These unscheduled events are suppressed by expression of non-cleavable Scc1 or inhibition of the prophase pathway. When endogenous Scc1 is replaced by artificially cleavable Scc1, the corresponding site-specific protease triggers centriole disengagement. Separation of centrioles can alternatively be induced by ectopic cleavage of an engineered Smc3. Thus, the chromosome and centrosome cycles exhibit extensive parallels and are coordinated with each other by dual use of the cohesin ring complex.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology > Chair Genetics > Chair Genetics - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Olaf Stemmann
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields > Molecular Biosciences
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center for Molecular Biosciences - BZMB
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Biology > Chair Genetics
Profile Fields
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 570 Life sciences, biology
Date Deposited: 26 Mar 2015 09:51
Last Modified: 26 Mar 2015 09:51
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/8417