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Primary Structure Elements of Spider Dragline Silks and Their Contribution to Protein Solubility

Title data

Hümmerich, Daniel ; Helsen, Christopher W. ; Quedzuweit, Susanne ; Oschmann, Jan ; Rudolph, Rainer ; Scheibel, Thomas:
Primary Structure Elements of Spider Dragline Silks and Their Contribution to Protein Solubility.
In: Biochemistry. Vol. 43 (2004) Issue 42 . - pp. 13604-13612.
ISSN 1520-4995

Abstract in another language

Spider silk proteins have mainly been investigated with regard to their contribution to mechanical properties of the silk thread. However, little is known about the molecular mechanisms of silk assembly. As a first step toward characterizing this process, we aimed to identify primary structure elements of the garden spider's (Araneus diadematus) major dragline silk proteins ADF-3 and ADF-4 that determine protein solubility. In addition, we investigated the influence of conditions involved in mediating natural thread assembly on protein aggregation. Genes encoding spider silk-like proteins were generated using a cloning strategy, which is based on a combination of synthetic DNA modules and PCR-amplified authentic gene sequences. Comparing secondary structure, solubility, and aggregation properties of the synthesized proteins revealed that single primary structure elements have diverse influences on protein characteristics. Repetitive regions representing the largest part of dragline silk proteins determined the solubility of the synthetic proteins, which differed greatly between constructs derived from ADF-3 and ADF-4. Factors, such as acidification and increases in phosphate concentration, which promote silk assembly in vivo generally decreased silk protein solubility in vitro. Strikingly, this effect was pronounced in engineered proteins comprising the carboxyl-terminal nonrepetitive regions of ADF-3 or ADF-4, indicating that these regions might play an important role in initiating assembly of spider silk proteins.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Institutions of the University: Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science > Chair Biomaterials
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science > Chair Biomaterials > Chair Biomaterials - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Thomas Scheibel
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields > Advanced Materials
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields > Molecular Biosciences
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields > Polymer and Colloid Science
Profile Fields > Emerging Fields > Food and Health Sciences
Profile Fields
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields
Profile Fields > Emerging Fields
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences
600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 620 Engineering
Date Deposited: 29 Sep 2015 08:17
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2022 11:47