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Properties of Styrene-Maleic Anhydride Copolymer Compatibilized Polyamide 66/Poly (Phenylene Ether) Blends : Effect of Blend Ratio and Compatibilizer Content

Title data

Aksit, Alper ; Geis, Nico ; Aksit, Merve ; Altstädt, Volker:
Properties of Styrene-Maleic Anhydride Copolymer Compatibilized Polyamide 66/Poly (Phenylene Ether) Blends : Effect of Blend Ratio and Compatibilizer Content.
In: Materials. Vol. 13 (2020) Issue 15 . - 3400.
ISSN 1996-1944
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13153400

Official URL: Volltext

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Abstract in another language

Two different blend ratios of polyamide 66 (PA66) and poly (2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene
ether) (PPE) (60/40 and 40/60 w/w) were produced via melt mixing. A styrene–maleic anhydride
copolymer (SMA) was utilized at various contents from 2.5–15 wt% to compatibilize the immiscible
blend system. The influence of SMA content and blend ratio was investigated based on (thermo-)
mechanical and morphological properties of the PA66/PPE blends. Correlations between the
interaction of SMA with the blend partners were established. For 60/40 blends, a droplet-sea
morphology was visualized by transmission electron microscopy, wherein no major changes were
seen upon SMA addition. In the case of 40/60 blends, strong coalescence was found in the binary
blend. Up to 5 wt% SMA, the coalescence was inhibited by the interfacial activity of SMA, whereas
10 wt% SMA initiated a disperse-to-co-continuous transition, which was completed at 15 wt%
SMA. An enhancement of tensile properties was achieved for all blends possessing SMA, where the
maximum concentration of 15 wt% resulted in the highest elongation at break and tensile strength
values. The relative improvement of the tensile properties was higher with the PPE-rich blend (40/60)
which was attributed to a partial emulsification of the PPE phases forming a bimodal PPE domain
size distribution with nano-droplets in the range of 60–160 nm.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: PA66; PPE; blend ratio; compatibilization; SMA; morphology; mechanical properties
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science > Former Professors > Chair Polymer Materials - Univ.-Prof. Dr.-Ing. Volker Altstädt
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Central research institutes
Research Institutions > Central research institutes > Bayreuth Institute of Macromolecular Research - BIMF
Research Institutions > Affiliated Institutes
Research Institutions > Affiliated Institutes > Bavarian Polymer Institute (BPI)
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science > Chair Polymer Materials
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science > Former Professors
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science
500 Science > 540 Chemistry
600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 620 Engineering
600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 660 Chemical engineering
Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2020 08:47
Last Modified: 17 Jul 2023 13:11
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/59287