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Introducing the novel concept of cumulative concentration roses for studying the transport of ultrafine particles from an airport to adjacent residential areas

Title data

Seidler, Julius ; Friedrich, Markus ; Thomas, Christoph ; Nölscher, Anke:
Introducing the novel concept of cumulative concentration roses for studying the transport of ultrafine particles from an airport to adjacent residential areas.
In: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics. Vol. 24 (2024) Issue 1 . - pp. 137-153.
ISSN 1680-7324
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-24-137-2024

Official URL: Volltext

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Project financing: Bavarian State Ministry of the Environment and Consumer protection, StUmV (grant no. TLK01U-76519) German Research Foundation, DFG (grant no. 491183248).

Abstract in another language

Airports are often surrounded by urban residential areas, which is both a motivation and challenge for studying their potential impact on local air quality. Airports are a relevant source of ultrafine particles (UFPs), which can pose a risk to human health due to their small size (particle diameter Dp≤100 nm). However, in urban environments, UFPs originate from a multitude of biogenic and anthropogenic sources. Here, we investigate UFPs in close proximity to an airport to disentangle their impact on local air quality from other urban sources.

We present observations and analyses of airborne UFP concentrations and size distributions determined at two sites in close proximity to Munich Airport. Therefore, two novel measurement stations were established north and south of the airport but were neither situated on the axis of prevailing wind directions nor impacted by fly overs. This set-up allowed us to explore a mainly advection-driven distribution of UFPs into the most populated adjacent residential areas. The observation period covered a full year from August 2021 to July 2022. We analysed the data set in three steps. (1) First, we derived UFP concentration roses using the wind data as reported at 10 m height at the airport to represent the local wind field. An increase in particle number concentrations and a shift of the modal maximum towards smaller mobility diameters became evident for wind directions, including those approaching from the airport. During the airport's operation hours during the daytime, median particle number concentrations were 2.2- and 1.6-fold compared to nighttime at the northern station and the southern station. However, our data had a high variability, and the direction-based analysis was uncertain due to other potential UFP sources in the surroundings and the assumption of a homogeneous, local wind field. (2) Next, we derived concentration roses employing the airflow observations from the two measuring stations at 5.3 m height. While the annual concentration rose in principle yielded the same conclusions as the first analysis step, a significant seasonal and diurnal variability of UFPs and wind became evident. The influencing factors were likely other urban local UFP sources, an increased surface roughness due to green vegetation, and the atmospheric boundary layer development. (3) In order to assess the possible advection of UFPs from the direction of Munich Airport relative to all other directions over the course of the year, we calculated cumulative concentration roses with both local- and site-scale wind data. Under the assumption of a homogeneous local wind field, the fraction of all UFPs sampled in airflows approaching from the airport's direction was 21 % (N322) and 40 % (S229). Considering a local background, the range of UFP advection from Munich Airport to the adjacent residential areas was up to 10 % in the north and 14 % in the south. It has to be noted that these values highlight the relative magnitude of the maximum impact of the airport on local air quality as they do not distinguish between UFP sources from the airport and other measuring sites. Additionally, they integrate over a time period during which the airport did not reach its full capacity compared to pre-COVID-19 times.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Ultrafine particles; aerosols; dust; atmospheric transport; airport
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Professor Micrometeorology
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Professor Micrometeorology > Professor Micrometeorology - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Christoph K. Thomas
Faculties > Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Earth Sciences > Department of Earth Sciences > Professor Atmospheric Chemistry
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields > Ecology and the Environmental Sciences
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields > Nonlinear Dynamics
Faculties
Profile Fields
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 500 Science > 500 Natural sciences
500 Science > 530 Physics
500 Science > 540 Chemistry
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2024 22:04
Last Modified: 22 Jan 2024 09:50
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/88303