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Biomimetic polymer fibers - function by design

Title data

Ebbinghaus, Thomas ; Lang, Gregor ; Scheibel, Thomas:
Biomimetic polymer fibers - function by design.
In: Bioinspiration & Biomimetics. Vol. 18 (2023) Issue 4 . - 041003.
ISSN 1748-3190
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-3190/acddc1

Official URL: Volltext

Project information

Project financing: Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Klimaschutz

Abstract in another language

Biomimicry applies the fundamental principles of natural materials, processes, and structures to technological applications. This review presents the two strategies of biomimicry—bottom-up and top-down approaches, using biomimetic polymer fibers and suitable spinning techniques as examples. The bottom-up biomimicry approach helps to acquire fundamental knowledge on biological systems, which can then be leveraged for technological advancements. Within this context, we discuss the spinning of silk and collagen fibers due to their unique natural mechanical properties. To achieve successful biomimicry, it is imperative to carefully adjust the spinning solution and processing parameters. On the other hand, top-down biomimicry aims to solve technological problems by seeking solutions from natural role models. This approach will be illustrated using examples such as spider webs, animal hair, and tissue structures. To contextualize biomimicking approaches in practical applications, this review will give an overview of biomimetic filter technologies, textiles, and tissue engineering.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: biomimicry; bio-inspiration; silk fibers; collagen fibers; tissue engineering; textiles; filters
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science > Chair Biomaterials > Chair Biomaterials - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Thomas Scheibel
Research Institutions > Central research institutes > Bayreuth Center for Colloids and Interfaces - BZKG
Research Institutions > Central research institutes > Bayreuth Center for Molecular Biosciences - BZMB
Research Institutions > Central research institutes > Bayreuth Center for Material Science and Engineering - BayMAT
Research Institutions > Affiliated Institutes > Bavarian Polymer Institute (BPI)
Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science > Chair Biomaterials
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Central research institutes
Research Institutions > Affiliated Institutes
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 620 Engineering
Date Deposited: 30 Mar 2024 22:00
Last Modified: 02 Apr 2024 13:08
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/89116