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Dangerous Legacy of Food Contact Materials on the EU Market : Recall of Products Containing PFAS

Title data

Ribes Ortega, Carme ; Molitorisová, Alexandra ; Purnhagen, Kai:
Dangerous Legacy of Food Contact Materials on the EU Market : Recall of Products Containing PFAS.
In: European Journal of Risk Regulation. (2025) .
ISSN 2190-8249

Project information

Project title:
Project's official title
Project's id
Innovate Food Law

Project financing: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft

Abstract in another language

Toxic substances and endocrine disruptors are present in consumer goods on the European Union (EU) market, such as in food contact materials like cookware. This article investigates whether a legal recall obligation of such products exists in EU law, and in the absence of such an obligation, how the EU legislature has ensured that such products are disposed of in a manner that does not compromise human health and the environment when they become waste. For this purpose, this article analyses recall obligations for food contact materials containing persistent organic pollutants, as well as their waste regulations. It focuses on a class of substances with non-stick properties, commonly used in cookware, of which pentadecafluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS) are most commonly used. We show that there is no single legal recall obligation; rather, many legal obligations are scattered among different provisions of EU law. When read together, they form a complex web of obligations, which may lead to recall measures for most of these products. However, the doubts over the feasibility and effectiveness of such recalls remain.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Recall; food contact materials; persistent organic pollutants; per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS); disposal; hazardous waste; endocrine disruptors; liability; traceability
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Law, Business and Economics
Faculties > Faculty of Law, Business and Economics > Department of Law
Faculties > Faculty of Life Sciences: Food, Nutrition and Health > Chair Food Law > Chair Food Law - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Kai Purnhagen
Profile Fields > Emerging Fields > Innovation and Consumer Protection
Profile Fields > Emerging Fields > Food and Health Sciences
Research Institutions > Research Units > Forschungsstelle für Deutsches und Europäisches Lebensmittelrecht
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 300 Social sciences > 340 Law
Date Deposited: 15 May 2024 07:04
Last Modified: 15 May 2024 07:04