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Sustainable diets and risk of overweight and obesity : A systematic review and meta-analysis

Title data

Reger, Christoph ; Leitzmann, Michael F. ; Rohrmann, Sabine ; Kühn, Tilman ; Sedlmeier, Anja M. ; Jochem, Carmen:
Sustainable diets and risk of overweight and obesity : A systematic review and meta-analysis.
In: Obesity Reviews. Vol. 25 (2024) Issue 5 . - e13707.
ISSN 1467-789X

Abstract in another language

Sustainable diets are gaining interest as a possible approach to tackle climate change and the global extent of obesity. Yet, the association between sustainable diets and adiposity remains unclear. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis, calculating summary relative risks and 95% confidence intervals (CI). We pooled maximally adjusted risk estimates, assessed heterogeneity and publication bias, calculated the E-value, and evaluated the risk of bias across the included studies. A total of eight studies were eligible for analysis. Comparing the highest versus the lowest levels of adherence to sustainable diets, the pooled effect estimate was 0.69 (95% CI = 0.62-0.76) for overweight and 0.61 (95% CI = 0.47-0.78) for obesity. These results suggest that sustainable diets may decrease the risk of overweight/obesity and therefore could serve as enablers for improving both public and planetary health. An agreed-upon clear definition of sustainable diets would enhance the comparability of future studies in this area.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: diets; global health; meta‐analysis; obesity; planetary health; sustainability
Institutions of the University: Faculties
Faculties > Faculty of Law, Business and Economics
Faculties > Faculty of Law, Business and Economics > Chair Planetary and Public Health
Result of work at the UBT: No
DDC Subjects: 600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 610 Medicine and health
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2024 08:49
Last Modified: 26 Jun 2024 04:53