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Is it possible to detect in situ the sulfur loading of a fixed bed catalysts with a sensor?

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Fremerey, Peter ; Jess, Andreas ; Moos, Ralf:
Is it possible to detect in situ the sulfur loading of a fixed bed catalysts with a sensor?
In: Journal of Sensors and Sensor Systems. Bd. 4 (2015) . - S. 143-149.
ISSN 2194-878X
DOI: 10.5194/jsss-4-143-2015

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Projekttitel:
Offizieller ProjekttitelProjekt-ID
Ohne AngabeMo 1060/5-2, Je 257/12-2

Projektfinanzierung: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft

Abstract

This study reports on a sensor concept to measure in situ sulfur poisoning (sulfidation) of refinery catalysts, in this case, of commercial silica pellets loaded with highly dispersed nickel. Catalyst pellets were poisoned in diluted H2S between 100 and 400 °C and the sulfidation of the catalyst was observed. During this process, nickel sulfides are formed on the catalyst according to X-ray diffraction spectra and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy data. The sulfidation kinetics was quantitatively described by a shrinking core model. Representative catalyst pellets were electrically contacted, and their impedance was recorded in situ during sulfidation. At the beginning, the particles are highly insulating and behave capacitively. Their conductivity increases by decades during sulfidation. At high temperatures, an almost constant slope in the double-logarithmic representation vs. time can be found. At low temperatures, the conductivity remains constantly low for a long time but changes then rapidly by decades, which is also indicated by the phase that drops from capacitive to ohmic behavior. Since nickel sulfides exhibit a lower conductivity than nickel, the conductivity increase by decades during sulfidation can only be explained by electrically conducting percolation paths that form during sulfidation. They originate from the increased volume of sulfides compared to the pure nickel metal.

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Publikationsform: Artikel in einer Zeitschrift
Begutachteter Beitrag: Ja
Institutionen der Universität: Fakultäten
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Ingenieurwissenschaften
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Ingenieurwissenschaften > Lehrstuhl Chemische Verfahrenstechnik
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Ingenieurwissenschaften > Lehrstuhl Chemische Verfahrenstechnik > Lehrstuhl Chemische Verfahrenstechnik - Univ.-Prof. Dr.-Ing. Andreas Jess
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Ingenieurwissenschaften > Lehrstuhl Funktionsmaterialien
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Ingenieurwissenschaften > Lehrstuhl Funktionsmaterialien > Lehrstuhl Funktionsmaterialien - Univ.-Prof. Dr.-Ing. Ralf Moos
Profilfelder > Advanced Fields > Neue Materialien
Forschungseinrichtungen > Forschungszentren > Bayreuther Materialzentrum - BayMAT
Profilfelder
Profilfelder > Advanced Fields
Forschungseinrichtungen
Forschungseinrichtungen > Forschungszentren
Titel an der UBT entstanden: Ja
Themengebiete aus DDC: 500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik > 540 Chemie
600 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften > 600 Technik
600 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften > 620 Ingenieurwissenschaften
600 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften > 660 Chemische Verfahrenstechnik
Eingestellt am: 20 Apr 2015 07:36
Letzte Änderung: 13 Nov 2015 10:14
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/10478