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Effect of propene, propane, and methane on conversion and oxidation state of three-way catalysts : A microwave cavity perturbation study

Titelangaben

Beulertz, Gregor ; Votsmeier, Martin ; Moos, Ralf:
Effect of propene, propane, and methane on conversion and oxidation state of three-way catalysts : A microwave cavity perturbation study.
In: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental. Bd. 165 (2015) . - S. 369-377.
ISSN 0926-3373
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2014.09.068

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Angaben zu Projekten

Projekttitel:
Offizieller ProjekttitelProjekt-ID
Ohne AngabeMO 1060/13-1

Projektfinanzierung: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft

Abstract

This paper presents laboratory reactor measurements of the steady-state conversion of the pollutants CO, hydrocarbons and NO over a three-way catalyst containing ceria as an oxygen-storage component. It is shown that the presence of the saturated hydrocarbons C3H8 or CH4 causes a shift in the stoichiometry of optimal conversion (CO–NO crossover) to fuel-rich compositions. The shift was more pronounced at lower temperatures and can be explained by the kinetic limitation of the hydrocarbon oxidation reaction. A microwave cavity perturbation technique was used to measure in situ the oxidation state of the ceria. In a first step, titration experiments were performed. The oxygen-storage level was adjusted to a predefined level by equilibration with a H2/H2O mixture. The experiments showed that for a given temperature, the microwave-derived signal (here the resonance frequency) correlates well with the oxidation state of ceria. The microwave cavity perturbation technique was then applied simultaneously to steady-state performance tests in the presence of different hydrocarbons. It was found that if the exhaust stoichiometry is ramped from lean to fuel rich, the CO–NO crossover point in all cases coincides with a strong decrease in the oxidation state of ceria. The correlation between the oxidation state of the catalyst and the catalytic performance is found to be independent of the catalyst temperature and the nature of the hydrocarbon. The CO–NO crossover point can be precisely determined by the microwave cavity perturbation technique. The results suggest that a microwave-based measurement may, under some circumstances, allow for a more precise control of the catalyst performance than the conventional control by lambda sensors.

Weitere Angaben

Publikationsform: Artikel in einer Zeitschrift
Begutachteter Beitrag: Ja
Institutionen der Universität: Fakultäten > Fakultät für Ingenieurwissenschaften
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Ingenieurwissenschaften > Lehrstuhl Funktionsmaterialien
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Ingenieurwissenschaften > Lehrstuhl Funktionsmaterialien > Lehrstuhl Funktionsmaterialien - Univ.-Prof. Dr.-Ing. Ralf Moos
Forschungseinrichtungen > Forschungsstellen > BERC - Bayreuth Engine Research Center
Fakultäten
Forschungseinrichtungen
Forschungseinrichtungen > Forschungsstellen
Profilfelder > Advanced Fields > Neue Materialien
Forschungseinrichtungen > Forschungszentren > Bayreuther Materialzentrum - BayMAT
Profilfelder
Profilfelder > Advanced Fields
Forschungseinrichtungen > Forschungszentren
Titel an der UBT entstanden: Ja
Themengebiete aus DDC: 600 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften > 620 Ingenieurwissenschaften
Eingestellt am: 01 Dec 2014 09:46
Letzte Änderung: 18 Apr 2016 07:23
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/3862