Titlebar

Export bibliographic data
Literature by the same author
plus on the publication server
plus at Google Scholar

 

Effect of propene, propane, and methane on conversion and oxidation state of three-way catalysts : A microwave cavity perturbation study

Title data

Beulertz, Gregor ; Votsmeier, Martin ; Moos, Ralf:
Effect of propene, propane, and methane on conversion and oxidation state of three-way catalysts : A microwave cavity perturbation study.
In: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental. Vol. 165 (2015) . - pp. 369-377.
ISSN 0926-3373
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2014.09.068

Official URL: Volltext

Project information

Project title:
Project's official titleProject's id
No informationMO 1060/13-1

Project financing: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft

Abstract in another language

This paper presents laboratory reactor measurements of the steady-state conversion of the pollutants CO, hydrocarbons and NO over a three-way catalyst containing ceria as an oxygen-storage component. It is shown that the presence of the saturated hydrocarbons C3H8 or CH4 causes a shift in the stoichiometry of optimal conversion (CO–NO crossover) to fuel-rich compositions. The shift was more pronounced at lower temperatures and can be explained by the kinetic limitation of the hydrocarbon oxidation reaction. A microwave cavity perturbation technique was used to measure in situ the oxidation state of the ceria. In a first step, titration experiments were performed. The oxygen-storage level was adjusted to a predefined level by equilibration with a H2/H2O mixture. The experiments showed that for a given temperature, the microwave-derived signal (here the resonance frequency) correlates well with the oxidation state of ceria. The microwave cavity perturbation technique was then applied simultaneously to steady-state performance tests in the presence of different hydrocarbons. It was found that if the exhaust stoichiometry is ramped from lean to fuel rich, the CO–NO crossover point in all cases coincides with a strong decrease in the oxidation state of ceria. The correlation between the oxidation state of the catalyst and the catalytic performance is found to be independent of the catalyst temperature and the nature of the hydrocarbon. The CO–NO crossover point can be precisely determined by the microwave cavity perturbation technique. The results suggest that a microwave-based measurement may, under some circumstances, allow for a more precise control of the catalyst performance than the conventional control by lambda sensors.

Further data

Item Type: Article in a journal
Refereed: Yes
Institutions of the University: Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science > Chair Functional Materials
Faculties > Faculty of Engineering Science > Chair Functional Materials > Chair Functional Materials - Univ.-Prof. Dr.-Ing. Ralf Moos
Research Institutions > Research Units > BERC - Bayreuth Engine Research Center
Faculties
Research Institutions
Research Institutions > Research Units
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields > Advanced Materials
Research Institutions > Research Centres > Bayreuth Center for Material Science and Engineering - BayMAT
Profile Fields
Profile Fields > Advanced Fields
Research Institutions > Research Centres
Result of work at the UBT: Yes
DDC Subjects: 600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 620 Engineering
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2014 09:46
Last Modified: 18 Apr 2016 07:23
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/3862