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Spider silk foam coating of fabric


Jokisch, Stephan ; Scheibel, Thomas:
Spider silk foam coating of fabric.
In: Pure and Applied Chemistry. Bd. 89 (2017) Heft 12 . - S. 1769-1776.
ISSN 1365-3075
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/pac-2017-0601


Silks are well known natural fibers used for textile applications and have got for the first time available upon sericulture of silkworms (Bombyx mori) several thousand years ago in China. In contrast to silkworm silk, spider silks offer better mechanical properties such as higher tensile strength and much better toughness, but natural spider silk is less accessible due to the cannibalistic behavior of spiders prohibiting large scale farming, and therefore has not been employed in textile industry yet. In this study, a biotechnologically produced spider silk protein was introduced as a new material for textile applications in form of foam coating material. The spider silk foam coating was developed to increase the abrasion behavior of natural and polymeric furniture textiles. Modern textiles are high-tech materials and optimized concerning yarn design and fabric weave to fit a wide range of applications. Often hydrofluorocarbons based coatings are used to enhance textile performances. Upon coating with sustainable spider silk, yarn fraying was significantly reduced lowering the tendency to form knots and loops. Further, the textile abrasion resistance, analyzed by pilling tests, was improved significantly (17–200 %) for all tested types of fabrics, in particular long term strain pilling was minimized.

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Publikationsform: Artikel in einer Zeitschrift
Begutachteter Beitrag: Ja
Keywords: amino acids; aqueous solutions; biotechnology; foam; foam processing; green chemistry; green polymers; mechanical properties; NICE-2016; proteins; spider silk; surface properties; textiles
Institutionen der Universität: Fakultäten
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Ingenieurwissenschaften
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Ingenieurwissenschaften > Lehrstuhl Biomaterialien
Fakultäten > Fakultät für Ingenieurwissenschaften > Lehrstuhl Biomaterialien > Lehrstuhl Biomaterialien - Univ.-Prof. Dr. Thomas Scheibel
Profilfelder > Advanced Fields
Profilfelder > Advanced Fields > Polymer- und Kolloidforschung
Profilfelder > Advanced Fields > Neue Materialien
Profilfelder > Advanced Fields > Molekulare Biowissenschaften
Profilfelder > Emerging Fields
Profilfelder > Emerging Fields > Lebensmittel- und Gesundheitswissenschaften
Forschungseinrichtungen > Forschungszentren
Forschungseinrichtungen > Forschungszentren > Bayreuther Materialzentrum - BayMAT
Titel an der UBT entstanden: Ja
Themengebiete aus DDC: 600 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften
600 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften > 620 Ingenieurwissenschaften
Eingestellt am: 05 Jan 2018 08:03
Letzte Änderung: 05 Jan 2018 08:03
URI: https://eref.uni-bayreuth.de/id/eprint/41541